Birth Order Effects, Parenting Style, and Son Preference. A new GLO Discussion Paper by GLO Fellow Jun Hyung Kim & Shaoda Wang.

A new GLO Discussion Paper finds a weakened role of son preference within families in contemporary China.

GLO Discussion Paper No. 1007, 2021

Birth Order Effects, Parenting Style, and Son Preference Download PDF
by Kim, Jun Hyung & Wang, Shaoda

GLO Fellow Jun Hyung Kim

Jun Hyung Kim

Author Abstract: While it is well known that there are systematic birth order effects on life cycle outcomes, there is less consensus about underlying channels and mechanisms of birth order effects. We find negative birth order effects among Chinese adolescents, favoring earlier-born children within household in academic achievement and cognitive skill measures. We highlight harsh parenting as a novel channel of birth order effects, in which earlier-born children are less likely to be physically punished by their parents. Focusing on son preference as a potential mechanism generating birth order effects, our tests show limited support for the existence of son preference among Chinese siblings. These findings are in contrast to positive birth order effects and strong evidence of son preference among earlier generations of Chinese siblings reported in the literature, suggesting weakened role of son preference within families in contemporary China.

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GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion. Provided in cooperation with EconStor, a service of the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, GLO Discussion Papers are among others listed in RePEc (see IDEAS,  EconPapers)Complete list of all GLO DPs – downloadable for free.

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