Trends and Drivers of Inequality: Recent Evidence from Vietnam. A new GLO Discussion Paper by GLO Fellow Cuong Nguyen and colleagues.

A new GLO Discussion Paper finds that inequality has been stable and tends to be higher in provinces with higher initial income and poverty.

GLO Discussion Paper No. 1067, 2022

 Trends and Drivers of Inequality: Recent Evidence from Vietnam  Download PDF
by Dang, Trang Huyen & Nguyen, Cuong Viet & Phung, Tung Duc

GLO Fellow Cuong Nguyen

Cuong Nguyen

Author Abstract: This study provides evidence on the trends and drivers of inequality in Vietnam using Vietnam Household Living Standard Surveys. We find that inequality, regardless of the choice of welfare indicators and inequality measurements, has been stable in Vietnam. Inequality in income or expenditure is remarkably lower than inequality in assets. In 2016, the Gini coefficient of per capita expenditure and per capita income was 0.35 and 0.39, respectively, while the Gini coefficient in electricity consumption and housing value was 0.42 and 0.62, respectively. Using the decomposition analysis, we find that inequality between provinces accounts for 22% of the total inequality, while inequality between ethnic groups accounts for 15% of the total inequality. The regression analysis shows that inequality tends to be higher in provinces with higher initial income and poverty. This implies that high-income people are more likely to benefit from economic growth, especially in better-off provinces.

GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion. Provided in cooperation with EconStor, a service of the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, GLO Discussion Papers are among others listed in RePEc (see IDEAS,  EconPapers)Complete list of all GLO DPs – downloadable for free.

The Global Labor Organization (GLO) is an independent, non-partisan and non-governmental organization that functions as an international network and virtual platform to stimulate global research, debate and collaboration.