A new paper published ONLINE FIRST with free READ ACCESS show that male scarcity (a decrease in the male-to-female sex ratio) induces an increase in the number and a decrease in the quality of children in a reasonable model framework and confirms this for post World War II Japan.
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Consequences of war: Japan’s demographic transition and the marriage market
by Kota Ogasawara & Mizuki Komura
Published ONLINE FIRST 2021: Journal of Population Economics
FREE READ LINK: https://rdcu.be/ci5pw
Author Abstract: This study explores the effects of imbalances in the sex ratio on both the quantity and the quality of children, with a focus on changes in intra-household bargaining power. We first present a theoretical model of intra-household bargaining in the presence of conflicting family goals within a couple, and show that male scarcity (a decrease in the male-to-female sex ratio) induces an increase in the number of children and a decrease in the quality of children. Second, using the impact of World War II on the sex ratio as a quasi-natural experiment, we establish empirically that the decrease in the male-to-female sex ratio in World War II contributed to a smaller decline in fertility and child mortality rates in postwar Japan. In particular, the fertility rate would have fallen by an additional 12% and the child mortality rate by an additional 13% between 1948 and 1970 absent the decrease in the sex ratio.
Journal of Population Economics
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