A new GLO Discussion Paper finds that consumption declines with greater economic insecurity, and that this decline is greater for those with high risk aversion, but smaller the more necessary the consumption items are.
GLO Discussion Paper No. 1060, 2022
Does Economic Insecurity Reduce all Types of Expenditures? – Download PDF
by Lepinteur, Anthony & Yin, Rémi
GLO Fellow Anthony Lepinteur
Author Abstract: The prudence theory predicts that economic insecurity reduces all consumption expenditures. We question this prediction by estimating the effect of economic insecurity on various expenditure items using an Australian longitudinal data set (HILDA) and panel regressions. Our results confirm that total consumption declines in response to greater economic insecurity and that this decline is greater for those with high risk aversion. However, we observe a clear gradient related to the degree of necessity of goods and services: the more necessary the consumption items, the weaker the effect of insecurity.
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