A new GLO Discussion Paper studies the diverse impacts of Covid-19 on the private households and labor markets of EU member states making use of the EU microsimulation model EUROMOD and nowcasting techniques.
GLO Discussion Paper No. 1082, 2022
Monetary compensation schemes during the COVID-19 pandemic: Implications for household incomes, liquidity constraints and consumption across the EU – Download PDF
by Christl, Michael & De Poli, Silvia & Figari, Francesco & Hufkens, Tine & Leventi, Chrysa & Papini, Andrea & Tumino, Alberto
GLO Fellow Michael Christl
Author Abstract: This paper analyses the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on household disposable income and household demand in the European Union (EU), making use of the EU microsimulation model EUROMOD and nowcasting techniques. We show evidence of heterogeneity in the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the labour markets in EU Member States, with some countries hit substantially harder than others. Most EU Member States experience a large drop in market incomes in 2020, with poorer households hit the hardest. Tax-benefit systems cushioned significantly the transmission of the shock to the disposable income and the household demand, with monetary compensation schemes playing a major role. Additionally, we show that monetary compensation schemes prevent a significant share of households from becoming liquidity constrained during the pandemic.
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Vol. 35, Issue 3, July 2022: Journal of Population Economics: 15 articles
GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion. Provided in cooperation with EconStor, a service of the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, GLO Discussion Papers are among others listed in RePEc (see IDEAS, EconPapers). Complete list of all GLO DPs – downloadable for free.
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