Category Archives: Post-24

Naples-Italy. Global SITES-GLO Conference on September 11-13, 2024. Call for Contributions. Deadline May 15.

The IX Annual SITES Conference of the Italian Association of Development Economists is organized jointly with GLO, and in collaboration with the CRISEI Institute (Department of Business and Economics, University of Naples Parthenope) in Naples, Italy. The conference is hosted by the University of Naples Parthenope on 11-13 September 2024. Submission deadline: May 15, 2024. Conference Website.

Conference topic:
Social Inclusion, Migration, and Global Inequalities

The conference aims to provide a forum for development and labor economists to identify the roots of social exclusion and discrimination and to discuss policies to sustain inclusive growth and reduce global inequalities.

The international SITES-GLO conference 2024 invites the submission of full papers, long abstracts, or complete sessions (three or four papers) related to the topics of the conference and the general themes of development and labor economics.

Submissions online (deadline May 15):
More information and links: Conference Website.



January 2024: New GLO Discussion Papers. Free to Access.

New research from the GLO network free to access: 14 Discussion Papers on issues including gender gap, loneliness, poverty dynamics, premarital migration, involuntary part-time employment, Great Chinese Famine, school closures under Covid, corporate globalization, math and gender, gender quotas, intergenerational mobility, urbanization and political elites, among others.

1379 The effect of COVID-19 on the gender gap in remote work  Download PDF
by Marcén, Miriam & Morales, Marina

1378 Social interactions, loneliness and health: A new angle on an old debate  Download PDF
by Casabianca, Elizabeth & Kovacic, Matija

1377 Union structure and product quality differentiation  Download PDF
by Meccheri, Nicola & Vergari, Cecilia

1376 Tackling the Last Hurdles of Poverty Entrenchment: An Investigation of Poverty Dynamics for Ghana during 2005/06-2016/17  Download PDF
by Dang, Hai-Anh H. & Raju, Dhushyanth & Tanaka, Tomomi & Abanokova, Kseniya

1375 Men’s premarital migration and marriage payments: Evidence from Indonesia  Download PDF
by Champeaux, Hugues & Gautrain, Elsa & Marazyan, Karine

1374 Navigating the Precarious Path: Understanding the Dualisation of the Italian Labour Market through the Lens of Involuntary Part-Time Employment  Download PDF
by Cuccu, Liliana & Royuela, Vicente & Scicchitano, Sergio

1373 Early Life Exposure to the Great Chinese Famine (1959-1961) and the Health of Older Adults in China: A Meta-Analysis (2008-2023)  Download PDF
by Shen, Chi & Chen, Xi

1372 COVID-19, School Closures, and Student Learning Outcomes: New Global Evidence from PISA  Download PDF
by Jakubowski, Maciej & Gajderowicz, Tomasz & Patrinos, Harry

1371 Digital Mobility of Financial Capital Across Different Time Zones, Factor Prices and Sectoral Composition  Download PDF
by Mandal, Biswajit

1370 Citizenship, math and gender: Exploring immigrant students’ choice of majors  Download PDF
by Murat, Marina

1369 Corporate Globalization and Worker Representation  Download PDF
by Jirjahn, Uwe

1368 Gender Quotas, Board Diversity and Spillover Effects. Evidence from Italian Banks  Download PDF
by Del Prete, Silvia & Papini, Giulio & Tonello, Marco

1367 Intergenerational (im)mobility in Pakistan: Is the social elevator broken?  Download PDF
by Andlib, Zubaria & Sadiq, Maqsood & Scicchitano, Sergio

1366 Urbanization and the Change in Political Elites  Download PDF
by Franck, Raphaël & Gay, Victor

GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion.  Complete list of all GLO DPs – downloadable for free.

Program GLO-JOPE Online Workshop February 26-27 2024

Since January 2024, the Journal of Population Economics (JOPE) follows Continuous Article Publishing: accepted articles are published immediately and included in the current issue of the journal. The journal is committed to speed and high quality. JOPE continuously organizes workshops presenting fresh publications in online workshops. This is a unique opportunity to follow exciting new research and come into contact with the authors.

The GLO-JOPE Online Workshop on February 26-27, 2024 will follow this tradition. Please find below the papers to be presented and the links to register for the meeting. The papers are all in production and you will find links to access them freely (Open Access) or to read them online as soon as they are published.

Please register in advance as soon as possible. You will receive a confirmation afterwards; and a reminder with the link close to the meeting again. The entire workshop has three parts, and you will need to register for all 3 parts separately (links below next to the parts).

Time allocation is 15 min per paper, 10 min presentation, 5 min Q&A. So use your chances to interact with the authors.

All sessions will be recorded and the videos will be made available on the GLO website here.
All articles of Vol. 37, Issue 1, 2024 are here asa online published: Issue 1, 2024.

For abstracts of all papers currently in production see: LINK

Follow the evolution & ranking of JOPE papers within the JOPE Google Scholar Citations Ranking.

JOPE Editors present next to Editor-in-Chief Klaus F. Zimmermann:

PART I: Feb 26; 3-5 pm CET. Chair: Milena Nikolova (JOPE Editor)
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Happiness & Wellbeing

3:00-3:15 pm CET. David G Blanchflower, Alex Bryson
The Female Happiness Paradox

3:15-3:30 pm CET. Enghin Atalay
A Twenty-First Century of Solitude? Time Alone and Together in the United States

3:30-3:45 pm CET. Claudia Senik, Andrew E. Clark, Conchita D’Ambrosio, Anthony Lepinteur, Carsten Schröder
Teleworking and Life Satisfaction in Germany during COVID-19: The Importance of Family Structure

3:45-4:00 pm CET. Jeehoon Han, Caspar Kaiser
Time use and happiness: US evidence across three decades

4:00-4:15 pm CET. Philippe Sterkens, Stijn Baert, Eline Moens, Joey Wuyts, Eva Derous
I Won’t Make the Same Mistake Again: Burnout History and Job Preferences

Labor & Family

4:00-4:15 pm CET. Jiyoon Kim     
The Effects of Paid Family Leave – Does It Help Fathers’ Health, Too?


4:14-4:30 pm CET. Joanna Lahey, Roberto Mosquera
Age and Hiring for High School Graduate Hispanics in the United States

4:14-4:30 pm CET. Stanislao Maldonado
Empowering women through multifaceted interventions: Long-term evidence from a double matching design

PART II: Feb 27; 9:00-10:30 am CET. Chair: Kompal Sinha (JOPE Editor)
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Migration (9:00-10:00 am CET)

9:00-9:15 am CET. Guanchun Liu, Yuanyuan Liu,Jinyu Yang, Yanren Zhang
Labor Contract Law and Inventor Mobility: Evidence from China

9:15-9:30 am CET. Olivier Charlot, Claire Naiditch, Radu Vranceanu
Smuggling of Forced Migrants to Europe: A Matching Model

9:30-9:45 am CET. Federico Maggio, Carlo Caporali
The Impact of Police Violence on Migration: Evidence from Venezuela

9:45 BREAK

Historical Demography (10:00-10:30 am CET)

10:00-10:15 am CET. Xuechao Qian 
Revolutionized Life: Long-term Effects of Childhood Exposure to Persecution on Human Capital and Marital Sorting

10:15-10:30 am CET. Nikos Benos, Stelios Karagiannis, Sofia Tsitou
Geography, Landownership Inequality and Literacy: Historical Evidence from Greek Regions

PART III: Feb 27; 3-5 pm CET  Chair: Terra McKinnish (JOPE Editor)
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Elderly Care

3:00-3:15 pm CET. Julien Bergeot
Care for Elderly Parents: Do Children Cooperate?


3:15-3:30 pm CET. Veronica Grembi, Anna Rosso, Emilia Barili
Domestic Violence Perception and Gender Stereotypes

3:30-3:45 pm CET. Riccardo Ciacci
Banning the purchase of sex increases cases of rape: evidence from Sweden


3:45-4:00 pm CET. Li Zhou; Zongzhi Liu; Xi Tian 
Threat Beyond the Border: Kim Jong-un’s Nuclear Tests and China’s Rural Migration

4:00-4:15 pm CET. Fabian Duarte, Valentina Paredes, Cristobal Bennett, Isabel Poblete
Impact of an extension of maternity leave on infant health

4:15-4:30 pm CET. Davide Furceri, Pietro Pizzuto, Khatereh Yarveisi
The Effect of Pandemic Crises on Fertility

4:30-4:45 pm CET. Jose Ignacio García-Pérez, Manuel Serrano-Alarcon, Judit Vall-Castello
Long-term unemployment subsidies and middle-aged disadvantaged workers’ health


Visit lovely Berlin for a productive research conference: GLO Berlin 2024, April 18-20. Submission deadline: February 29.

GLO Berlin 2024 Conference – Call for Papers 

Call for contributed papers or sessions for the GLO Berlin 2024 Conference on April 18-20. Contributions are invited to broadly defined labor, population, family, health, crime, conflict and other human resources issues.

The event is jointly organized with EBES 47 at FOM University of Applied Sciences, Berlin. GLO organizes a separate program with separate registration and paper call. Participants of EBES 47 Berlin and GLO Berlin 2024 will have access to all program parts of both conferences.

The event is HYBRID: Presentations on the first two days will be in-person only, and on the last day only online. Online attendees can follow all the program parts of the conference on all three days.

I invite you to visit lovely Berlin for a productive research conference! The city is a vibrant place offering many surprising features. For instance, it is known for its extensive waterways, including rivers, canals, and lakes.

Submissions can be (i) individual contributions with abstract only or full papers with abstract, or (ii) full sessions with six contributions consisting of six abstracts and possibly papers. Providing full papers increases the chance of acceptance.

Individual contributions submitter have to decide whether they want to be considered for (i) a regular contributed session or (ii) a Journal of Population Economics Express Evaluation Session (JOPE-EES).

JOPE-EES: Submissions for this category require a full paper and abstract. Those rejected for this session will still be considered for regular contributed sessions. If accepted for JOPE-EES, authors have to register for the conference either for the in-person or online version of the conference; they also have to submit their paper to JOPE while registering to the conference after the acceptance decision. These submissions will pass the desk rejection phase of the journal and receive an express evaluation within six weeks after the conference. Topics related to JOPE’s collections are particularly welcome, see

Sergio Scicchitano

Program Committee: Sergio Scicchitano (John Cabot University, Rome, Italy; Chair )
Guido Cozzi (University of St. Gallen, Switzerland); Shuaizhang Feng (Jinan University, Guangzhou, China) Alfonso Flores-Lagunes (Syracuse University, USA); Andrea Fracasso (Trento University, Italy); Oded Galor (Brown University, USA); Hilary Ingham (Lancaster University, UK); Jungmin Lee (Seoul National University, South-Korea); Ilaria Mariotti (Polytechnic of Milan); Terra McKinnish (University of Colorado); Valentina Meliciani (Luiss University); Silvia Mendolia (Turin University, Italy); Milena Nikolova (University of Groningen, The Netherlands); Matloob Piracha (University of Kent, UK); Vicente Royuela (University of Barcelona, Spain); Kompal Sinha (Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia); Cristina Tealdi (Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK); Chiara Mussida (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore– Piacenza, Italy); Klaus F. Zimmermann (GLO, UNU-MERIT & FU Berlin, The Netherlands, Germany)

The Program (joint with EBES) will include an evening event, speeches and contributions by Mehmet Huseyin Bilgin (Vice President, EBES & Istanbul Medeniyet University), Alessio Brown (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht), Martin Kahanec (Central European University), Christos Kollias (University of Thessaly), Alexander Kritikos (DIW Berlin & Potsdam University), Lucie Merkle (Berlin, Free State of Bavaria), Dorothea Schäfer (DIW Berlin and Jönköping University), Sergio Scicchitano (John Cabot University, Rome, Chair GLO Program), Klaus F. Zimmermann (Free University Berlin, UNU-MERIT & GLO/EBES), Manuela Zipperling, (FOM University of Applied Sciences, Berlin)

Keynote speech: Martin Kahanec Rebuilding Ukraine in Higher Education

Submissions through:
Submission open since January 24, 2024 – no submission fee
Deadline: February 29, 2024.
Open until midnight on US east coast time = midnight CET Berlin + 6 hours.

Decisions will be communicated until March 6, 2024.
Conference registration until March 22, 2024.

Participation fees: To be paid upon conference registration.
Regular: in-person € 500, online € 350
JOPE-EES: in-person € 600, online € 450
Fees for in-person participants include coffee breaks and lunch during the conference as well as the conference reception on April 18, 2024.
Fees for all participants include access to all keynotes and invited paper sessions of EBES 47 & GLO Berlin 2024. JOPE-EES authors will receive the express journal service.

Accommodation (not included): Suggestions will be provided with paper acceptance decision.

Conference venue: FOM University of Applied Sciences Berlin, Bismarckstraße 107, 10625 Berlin

Questions to


Call for contributions: 47th EBES Conference – Berlin/Germany April 18-20, 2024. Submission deadline: February 29, 2024.

The 47th EBES Conference – Berlin will take place on April 18th, 19th, and 20th, 2024 in Berlin, Germany. EBES 47 is supported by the Istanbul Economic Research Association and jointly organized with the GLO 2024 Berlin conference of the Glabor Labor Organization. Both collaborative conferences will be hosted by the FOM University of Applied Sciences Berlin branch and are organized in Hybrid Mode (online and in-person). Participants of EBES 47 Berlin and GLO 2024 Berlin will have access to all program parts of both conferences.

Interested researchers from around the world are cordially invited to submit their abstracts or papers for presentation considerations.

Deadline for Abstract/Paper Submission is February 29, 2024.

EBES Executive Board

Prof. Klaus F. Zimmermann, UNU-MERIT, Maastricht, and Free University Berlin
Prof. Mehmet Huseyin Bilgin, Istanbul Medeniyet University, EBES, Turkey
Prof. Jonathan Batten, University Utara Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Iftekhar Hasan, Fordham University, U.S.A.
Prof. Euston Quah, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Prof. John Rust, Georgetown University, U.S.A.
Prof. Dorothea Schäfer, German Institute for Economic Research DIW Berlin, Germany
Prof. Marco Vivarelli, Università Cattolica Del Sacro Cuore, Italy

Abstract/Paper Submission

Authors are invited to submit their abstracts or papers no later than February 29, 2024.

For submission, please visit our website at at
no submission fee is required.

General inquiries regarding the call for papers should be directed to

Publication Opportunities

Qualified papers can be published in EBES journals (Eurasian Business Review and Eurasian Economic Review) or EBES proceedings books after a peer review process without any submission or publication fees. EBES journals (EABR and EAER) are published by Springer and both are indexed in the SCOPUS, EBSCO EconLit with Full Text, Google Scholar, ABS Academic Journal Quality Guide, CNKI, EBSCO Business Source, EBSCO Discovery Service, ProQuest International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS), OCLC WorldCat Discovery Service, ProQuest ABI/INFORM, ProQuest Business Premium Collection, ProQuest Central, ProQuest Turkey Database, ProQuest-ExLibris Primo, ProQuest-ExLibris Summon, Research Papers in Economics (RePEc), Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China, Naver, SCImago, ABDC Journal Quality List, Cabell’s Directory, and Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory. In addition, while EAER is indexed in the Emerging Sources Citation Index (Clarivate Analytics), EABR is indexed in the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) and Current Contents / Social & Behavioral Sciences.

Also, all accepted abstracts will be published electronically in the Conference Program and the Abstract Book (with an ISBN number). It will be distributed to all conference participants at the conference via USB. Although submitting full papers are not required, all the submitted full papers will also be included in the conference proceedings in a USB.

After the conference, participants will also have the opportunity to send their paper to be published (after a refereeing process managed by EBES) in the Springer’s series Eurasian Studies in Business and Economics (no submission and publication fees). This is indexed by Scopus. It will also be sent to Clarivate Analytics in order to be reviewed for coverage in the Conference Proceedings Citation Index – Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). Please note that the 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th, 28th, 29 (Vol. 1), and 30th EBES Conference Proceedings are accepted for inclusion in the Conference Proceedings Citation Index – Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). Other conference proceedings are in progress.

Important Dates

Conference Date: April 18-20, 2024
Abstract Submission Deadline: February 29, 2024
Reply-by: March 4, 2024*
Registration Deadline: March 15, 2024
Submission of the Virtual Presentation: March 16, 2024
Announcement of the Program: March 29, 2024
Paper Submission Deadline (Optional): March 16, 2024**
Paper Submission for the EBES journals: July 15, 2024

* The decision regarding the acceptance/rejection of each abstract/paper will be communicated with the corresponding author within a week of submission.

** Completed paper submission is optional. If you want to be considered for the Best Paper Award or your full paper to be included in the conference proceedings in the USB, after submitting your abstract before February 29, 2024, you must also submit your completed (full) paper by March 16, 2024.


Ugur Can, Director of EBES (
Dr. Ender Demir, Conference Coordinator of EBES (

Conference LINK


New GLO Discussion Papers by Barry Chiswick, Jere Behrman, Olena Nizalova, Eva Dziadula, Milena Nikolova, Jan van Ours and Colleagues.

New research from the GLO network free to access: 15 Discussion Papers on issues including returns to schooling, digital platforms-military nexus, poverty in the Arab region, food insecurity, Ukraine, innovation and globalization, freedom of speech, healthy aging, high temperatures and work, inequality, and many more….. by experts from around the globe.

1365 Estimating Returns to Schooling and Experience: A History of Thought  Download PDF
by Chiswick, Barry R.

1364 Blurring boundaries: An analysis of the digital platforms-military nexus  Download PDF
by Coveri, Andrea & Cozza, Claudio & Guarascio, Dario

1363 Female headship and poverty in the Arab region: Analysis of trends and dynamics based on a new typology  Download PDF
by AlAzzawi, Shireen & Dang, Hai-Anh & Hlasny, Vladimir & Abanokova, Kseniya & Behrman, Jere

1362 Health Inequalities Among People Experiencing Food Insecurity. An Intersectional Approach  Download PDF
by Drydakis, Nick

1361 Human values and selection into supervisory positions: Evidence from nine European countries  Download PDF
by Hazans, Mihails & Masso, Jaan & Maurseth, Per Botolf

1360 Impact of TB Epidemic on Worker and Firm Productivity: Regional Perspective from Ukraine  Download PDF
by Nizalova, Olena & Shepotylo, Oleksandr

1359 The Gendered Impact of In-State Tuition Policies on Undocumented Immigrants’ College Enrollment, Graduation, and Employment  Download PDF
by Averett, Susan & Bansak, Cynthia & Condon, Grace & Dziadula, Eva

1358 Does international trade promote economic growth? Europe, 19th and 20th centuries  Download PDF
by Bajo-Rubio, Oscar & Ramos-Herrera, María del Carmen

1357 Innovation and Globalization: Benefactors or Barriers to Inclusive Growth?  Download PDF
by Duong, Khanh & Nguyen Phuc Van

1356 Rethinking the Inequality-Growth Nexus: Short-Term Gains and Long-Term Challenges  Download PDF
by Duong, Khanh & Nguyen Phuc Van

1355 Echoes of the Past: The Enduring Impact of Communism on Contemporary Freedom of Speech Values  Download PDF
by Nikolova, Milena & Popova, Olga

1354 Household Wealth and Body Mass Index: Towards a Healthy Ageing?  Download PDF
by Belloc, Ignacio & Molina, José Alberto & Velilla, Jorge

1353 The impact of high temperatures on performance in work-related activities  Download PDF
by Picchio, Matteo & Ours, Jan C. van

1352 Inequality is not always a political choice, but reducing it (to an optimal degree) is  Download PDF
by Khanh Duong & Nguyen Phuc Van

1351 Price Matching in Online Retail  Download PDF
by Bottasso, Anna & Robbiano, Simone & Marocco, Paolo

GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion.  Complete list of all GLO DPs – downloadable for free.

Forthcoming Articles in Issue 1- 2024 of the Journal of Population Economics.

The Journal of Population Economics (JOPE) has recently accepted 26 articles for publication in its upcoming Volume 37, Issue 1 (2024). These articles are currently in production and are scheduled to be published soon. A comprehensive overview of their key findings will be presented by the authors during an online GLO – JOPE workshop scheduled for February 26-27, 2024. Specific details regarding the workshop will be communicated in due time. The paper abstracts, titles and author names are listed below.

Effective since January 1, 2024, JOPE has transitioned to a Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) model. Under this new approach, all accepted articles will be directly published in the ongoing issue, bringing an end to the previous backlog policy. To facilitate this shift, JOPE published all available articles last year, successfully clearing the backlog. Notably, of the 90 articles included in JOPE issues in 2023, only 45 were accepted in the past year, and the other 45 were from previous years.

This policy change addresses the confusion surrounding the publication status of online articles, now widely recognized as published. When included in a journal issue with delay because of a backlog, this created two publication dates in the past practice.

Additionally, the policy change reflects JOPE’s commitment to expeditious publishing. The decision to organize the online GLO – JOPE workshops aligns with JOPE’s effective communication strategy, aimed at disseminating significant research findings in time to a broader audience within academia and society.

Articles accepted for publication in the Journal of Population Economics.

1. David G Blanchflower, Alex Bryson: The Female Happiness Paradox

Using data across countries and over time we show that women have worse mental health than men in negative affect equations, irrespective of the measure used – anxiety, depression, fearfulness, sadness, loneliness, anger – and they have more days with bad mental health and more restless sleep. Women are also less satisfied with many aspects of their lives, such as democracy, the economy, the state of education and health services. They are also less satisfied in the moment in terms of peace and calm, cheerfulness, feeling active, vigorous, fresh and rested. However, prior evidence on gender differences in happiness and life satisfaction is less clear cut. Differences vary over time, location, and with model specification and the inclusion of controls, especially marital status. We now find strong evidence that males have higher levels of both happiness and life satisfaction in recent years even before the onset of pandemic. As in the past women continue to have worse mental health. A detailed analysis of several data files, with various metrics, for the UK confirms that men now are happier than women and the size of the effect is not trivial.          

2. Jeehoon Han, Caspar Kaiser: Time Use and Happiness: US Evidence Across three Decades

We use diary data from representative samples from the United States to examine determinants and historical trends in time-weighted happiness. To do so, we combine fine-grained information on self-reported happiness at the activity level with data on individuals’ time use. We conceptually distinguish time-weighted happiness from evaluative measures of wellbeing and provide evidence of the validity and distinctiveness of this measure. Although timeweighted happiness is largely uncorrelated with economic variables like unemployment and income, it is predictive of several health outcomes, and shares many other determinants with evaluative wellbeing. We illustrate the potential use of time-weighted happiness by assessing historical trends in the gender wellbeing gap. For the largest part of the period between 1985 and 2021, women’s time-weighted happiness improved significantly relative to men’s. This is in stark contrast to prominent findings from previous work. However, our recent data from 2021 indicates that about half of women’s gains since the 1980s were lost during the Covid-19 pandemic. Hence, as previously shown for several other outcomes, women appear to have been disproportionally affected by the pandemic. Our results are replicable in UK data, and robust to alternative assumptions about respondents’ scale use.

3. Enghin Atalay: A Twenty-First Century of Solitude? Time Alone and Together in the United States

This paper explores trends in time alone and with others in the United States. Since 2003, Americans have increasingly spent their free time alone on leisure at home and have decreasingly spent their free time with individuals from other households. These trends are more pronounced for non-White individuals, for males, for the less educated, and for individuals from lower-income households. Survey respondents who spend a large fraction of their free time alone report lower subjective well-being. As a result, differential trends in time alone suggest that between-group subjective wellbeing inequality may be increasing more quickly than previous research has reported.

4. Philippe Sterkens, Stijn Baert, Eline Moens, Joey Wuyts, Eva Derous: I Won’t Make the Same Mistake Again: Burnout History and Job Preferences

The burnout literature has focused on the determinants of burnout, whereas its careers consequences remain understudied. Therefore, we investigate whether recently burned-out individuals differ in job preferences from non-burned-out workers. We link these differences in preferences with (1) perceptions of job demands and resources, as well as (2) the weighting of such perceptions. To this end, a sample of 582 employees varying in their history of burnout judged job offers with manipulated characteristics in terms of their willingness to apply as well as perceived job demands and resources. We find that recently burned-out employees appreciate possibilities to telework and fixed feedback relatively more, while being relatively less attracted to learning opportunities. These findings can be partially explained by differences in the jobs’ perceived resources.

5. Claudia Senik, Andrew E. Clark, Conchita D’Ambrosio, Anthony Lepinteur, Carsten Schröder: Teleworking and Life Satisfaction in Germany during COVID-19: The Importance of Family Structure

We carry out a difference-in-differences analysis of a real-time survey conducted as part of the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) survey and show that teleworking had a negative average effect on life satisfaction over the first two years of the COVID-19 pandemic. This average effect hides considerable heterogeneity, reflecting gender-role asymmetries: lower life satisfaction is found only for unmarried men and for women with school-age children. The negative effect for women with school-age children disappears in 2021, suggesting adaptation to new constraints and/or the adoption of coping strategies.

6. Davide Furceri, Pietro Pizzuto, Khatereh Yarveisi: The Effect of Pandemic Crises on Fertility

This paper examines the dynamic effects of pandemic crises on fertility rates for a large, unbalanced sample of 182 developed and developing countries during the period 1996-2019. We find that major pandemics are associated with significant and persistent declines in fertility rates of about 2 percent, on average. These effects are significantly larger for pandemics characterized by a very large number of confirmed cases relative to the population (up to 6½ percent) and by deep recessions (up to 5 percent). In addition, the effects are larger in advanced economies (up to 5 percent) and for younger women, on average.

7. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes, Cristina Borra, Chunbei Wang: Asian Entrepreneurship in the Coronavirus Era

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a deleterious impact on the world economy. Studies have documented the disproportional impact of the pandemic on minorities, immigrants, and business owners in the United States. In this study, we use Current Population Survey monthly data spanning from January 2014 through December 2021 to examine how the COVID-19 pandemic affected Asian entrepreneurship. We show that the pandemic disproportionally hurt Asian entrepreneurship, particularly among immigrants, up until the end of 2020. A detailed analysis of Asian business dynamics reveals a substantial increase in self-employment exits during the first year of the pandemic. We fail to find convincing evidence of differential industry/job-type concentration, individual preferences, majority-minority disparities, narrower clientele, or differential access to government support as primary drivers for such patterns. Instead, we find suggestive evidence of discrimination playing a non-negligible role that subsided in 2021, coinciding with the rollout of vaccines.

8. Riccardo Ciacci: Banning the Purchase of Sex Increases Cases of Rape: Evidence from Sweden

This paper leverages the timing of a ban on the purchase of sex to assess its impact on rape offenses. Relying on Swedish high-frequency data from 1997 to 2014, I find that the ban increases the number of rapes by around 44%–62%. The results are robust to several econometric specifications that exploit different identification assumptions. The increase reflects a boost in completed rapes both in the short- and long run. However, it is not accompanied by a decrease in the number of pimps. Taken together, the empirical evidence hints at the notion that the rise in rapes is not connected to the supply of prostitution but rather to changes in the demand for prostitution due to the ban. The results here have the opposite sign but larger magnitudes in absolute value than results in the literature on the decriminalization of prostitution.

9. Veronica Grembi, Anna Rosso, Emilia Barili: Domestic Violence Perception and Gender Stereotypes

Using a survey of more than 4,500 Italian women, we address the link between gender stereotypes and perceptions of domestic violence. We define a new measure of stereotypes at the individual level and show that women with stronger stereotypes are less likely to state that violence is common in their area of residence and are more likely to classify physical violence as less severe than privacy breaches. This ranking is associated with a victim-blaming mindset among respondents with stronger stereotypes, who are also more li(e.g., economic distress) than to personal characteristics of abusers (e.g., psychological issues) and to advise a hypothetical victim not to react to violence.

10. Stanislao Maldonado: Empowering Women through Multifaceted Interventions: Long-term Evidence from a Double Matching Design

Empowering women is a policy goal that has received a lot of interest from policy-makers in the developing world in recent years, yet little is known about effective ways to promote it sustainably. Most existing interventions fail to address the multidimensional nature of empowerment. Using a double matching design to construct the sampling frame and to estimate causal effects, I evaluate the long-term impact of a multifaceted policy intervention designed to improve women’s empowerment in the Atlantic region in Colombia. This intervention provided information about women’s rights, soft skills and vocational training, seed capital, and mentoring simultaneously. I find that this intervention has mixed results: there are improvements in incomes and other economic dimensions along with large political and social capital effects, but limited or null impacts on women’s rights knowledge and control over one’s body. Using a list experiment, I even find an increase in the likelihood of intra-household violence. The results highlight the importance of addressing the multidimensional nature of women’s empowerment in policy innovations designed to foster it and incorporating men in these efforts.

11. Jinglin Wen: Female Chief Officers and Crime: Evidence from England and Wales

I study the impact of the appointment of female chief police officers on crimes typically committed against females: sexual and rape offenses. Evidence suggests that adding more female chief officers leads to a statistically significant increase in documented sexual crimes in England and Wales. Yet, this rise is good news because it is due not to a rise in actual crimes committed or improved police recording practices but, rather, to more reporting of sexual crimes. I also find that appointing a female chief officer is associated with a reduction of around 1.1 homicides against women, which is equivalent to 21 percent of the mean value. Exploration of mechanisms suggests that the reduction may reflect an increase in policing resources devoted to women’s protection.

12. Li Zhou; Zongzhi Liu; Xi Tian: Threat Beyond the Border: Kim Jong-un’s Nuclear Tests and China’s Rural Migration

Between 2006 and 2017, North Korea conducted six nuclear weapons tests near its border with China, which clearly posed an existential threat to China. Utilizing data from a representative sample of rural households and adopting a quasi-experimental framework, this study analyzes the effects of human-made nuclear threats on the coping strategies of China’s rural households living on the border with North Korea. Our results show that nuclear tests have sizable causal effects on different aspects of non-farm employment and land rented out by rural residents in the border area of China. It is particularly noteworthy to emphasize that the results of this study demonstrate that, due to the human-made radiation risk resulting from North Korean nuclear tests, households in the border regions of China bordering North Korea increase labor out migration and land lease out. Multiple robustness tests consistently support this conclusion. Next, the paper attempts to identify various mechanisms behind these effects, such as the nuclear risk’s effect on the village’s economic viability, ultimately leading households to move out. We also find that the impact of moving away from rural areas due to nuclear tests is more pronounced for households with higher human capital, higher income, and a lower proportion of elderly family members. In conclusion, as rural households respond to nuclear threats by migrating out, North Korea’s nuclear tests exacerbate the phenomenon of rural hollowing in China’s border regions.

13. Xuechao Qian: Revolutionized Life: Long-term Effects of Childhood Exposure to Persecution on Human Capital and Marital Sorting

This paper investigates the effects of early-life exposure to persecution risk on human capital formation and marital sorting, while also analyzing how these effects are influenced by the timing of the exposure during early life. Utilizing the context of China’s “class struggle” period, which targeted various classes including landlords, capitalists, and intellectuals, this study demonstrates that individuals who experienced persecution risk during their childhood exhibit lower formal education attainment, reduced cognitive skills, and lower earnings. They are more likely to form marriages with individuals from classes that were previously favored by the regime but have comparatively lower human capital outcomes. Moreover, the study highlights that the most substantial and enduring impacts occur when the exposure to class struggle persecution risk takes place during early childhood.

14. Olivier Charlot, Claire Naiditch, Radu Vranceanu: Smuggling of Forced Migrants to Europe: A Matching Model

This paper develops a matching model to analyze the smuggling market for forced migrants, building on the empirical evidence related to the smuggling of migrants from the Horn of Africa and the Middle East to Europe in the last decade. Comparative statics for the equilibrium solution reveal that coercion-based measures targeting the smugglers reduce the number of irregular migrants and smugglers at the expense of migrants’ overall welfare. Slightly increasing legal migration opportunities has the interesting feature of reducing irregular flows, without deteriorating migrants’ welfare or increasing the total number of migrants. An extremely restrictive asylum policy has similar effects in terms of the flows of irregular migrants as a quite loose one, with the largest flows of irregular migrants occurring under a “middle-range” policy.

15. Federico Maggio, Carlo Caporali: The Impact of Police Violence on Migration: Evidence from Venezuela

This study unveils the causal effect of authoritative violence on individuals’ likelihood to migrate. Specifically, we examine the migration patterns of Venezuelans during the 2017-2018 political and economic crisis. We draw insights from regional-level data on civilian casualties caused by security forces, along with information extracted from the ENCOVI-2018 survey data that captures migration flows. The estimates rely on travel time from the capital city as an instrumental variable and are robust to the inclusion of several household and socio-economic regional-level characteristics. The findings strongly suggest that authoritative violence is a significant non-economic push factor for international migration. Moreover, additional evidence indicates that this type of violence influences the skill composition of migrants, especially in the context of South-to-South migration flows.

16. Guanchun Liu, Yuanyuan Liu,Jinyu Yang, Yanren Zhang: Labor Contract Law and Inventor Mobility: Evidence from China

This paper investigates the causal effect of employment protection on inventor mobility. Taking the enactment of China’s Labor Contract Law in 2008 as a quasi-natural experiment, our difference-in-differences estimate utilizes two-dimensional variations: firm ownership (i.e., SOEs vs. non-SOEs) and year (i.e., before and after 2008). Using combined data on patent applications filed at the State Intellectual Property Office of China and listed manufacturing companies over 2004–2012, we find that the law plays a sizeable positive role in reducing the likelihood of inventor mobility. This effect is more pronounced for firms with higher labor intensity, stricter law enforcement, higher innovation dependence, lower R&D team stability, and inventors that work outside the core of R&D networks. Further, we provide consistent evidence for two plausible mechanisms for the positive effect: limiting the ability of employers to unfairly dismiss inventors, and substituting low-skilled workers with inventors. In addition, the law causes firms to obtain more high-quality patents and reduces bankruptcy risk. Overall, our findings shed new light on the economic effects of labor protection in a typical emerging market.

17. Jiyoon Kim: The Effects of Paid Family Leave – Does It Help Fathers’ Health, Too?

I investigate the effects of California’s paid family leave (CA-PFL) program, the first statemandated paid leave available to both mothers and fathers in the U.S. I examine the effects on the overall health of mothers and fathers during two distinct periods: health immediately around childbirth, and health following childbirth. To do so, I leverage the variation in the timing of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) health care topical module relative to the exact year and month of childbirth. I find that CA-PFL has improved mothers’ health during pregnancy and immediately after childbirth. This improvement in health is accompanied by a reduced likelihood of mothers not working or taking unpaid work absence. Some improvements manifest in fathers’ health too during the same period. However, I observe that fathers report more instances of feeling sick, starting around five months after childbirth. Further analysis reveals that the share of fathers not working or taking unpaid work absence rises temporarily when the leave period ends. Understanding the effects on fathers’ health and leave utilization is pivotal to evaluating the program’s overall benefits and potential unintended consequences given the growing focus on enhancing equal access to paid leave for both mothers and fathers.

18. Fabian Duarte, Valentina Paredes, Cristobal Bennett, Isabel Poblete: Impact of an Extension of Maternity Leave on Infant Health

We study the effect of a 12-week maternity leave extension in Chile on the health of infants between 6 and 12 months old. Using unique administrative sick leave data for working women enrolled in the private health insurance system who gave birth between 2011 and 2013, we estimate the effect of this extension on the number of paid sick days taken by the mother due to her child being ill. We find that extending maternity leave improved infant health and decreased the number of sick days by 6.43 (0.18sd) days on average. Additionally, we show that mothers with extended maternity leave take their infant to the pediatrician less often than mothers without the extended leave. Our results are consistent with a decrease in daycare attendance, which decreases exposure to communicable diseases.

19. Julien Bergeot: Care for Elderly Parents: Do Children Cooperate?

Do children cooperate when they decide to provide informal care to their elderly parent? This paper assesses whether a cooperative or non-cooperative model drives the caregiving decisions of children. Focusing on families with two children and one single parent, I use use data from a survey of older adults in France to compare the predictive power of the two models. Results suggest that children are more likely to behave according to a non-cooperative model, and that a cooperative model overestimates the level of care received by the parents. I construct an indicator of the degree of non-cooperativeness between two children and explore the determinants of non-cooperation. Finally, I show that this indicator is positively correlated with the number of unmet needs the parent has. This latter result suggests that the current level of informal care provided to a parent appears to suffer from a public good problem and the lack of cooperativeness between children has detrimental consequences for the parent.

20. Trine Engh Vattø, Kjersti Misje Østbakken: Do Means-tested Childcare Subsidies Discourage Work?

We examine how means-tested childcare subsidies affect parental labor supply. Using the introduction of reduced childcare prices for low-income families in Norway in 2015, we show that these subsidies may have the unintended effect of discouraging work rather than promoting employment. First, structural labor supply simulations suggest that a negative parental labor supply effect dominates, ex ante. Ex post, we find a small and insignificant effect of means-tested childcare subsidies on parental labor supply in the reform year. We find no statistically significant bunching around the income limits in subsequent years, but we do find negative labor supply effects in subsequent expansions of the reform. Our results suggest that in a context where both parental employment and participation in formal childcare are high, means-tested childcare subsidies may have unintended parental labor supply effects.

21. Caroline Hall, Inés Hardoy, Kristine von Simson: Policies for Young Adults with Reduced Work Capacity: Labour Market Impact in Sweden and Norway

The rising numbers of young people with disability pension concerns many advanced economies. We present results from a comparative analysis of the neighbouring countries Sweden and Norway on the impacts of differing policy mixes aimed at enhancing the employability of the work disabled. Using rich longitudinal data, we follow unemployed young adults (ages 2529) with work-impairment up to four years after they became unemployed to investigate the effect of different types of labour market policies. Our results indicate that, despite differences in programme composition and strategies, there are surprisingly small country differences in treatment effect patterns and signs of estimated impacts. In line with previous studies, we find strong lock-in effects of both workplace-related programmes and training/educational programmes. After participation, workplace-related programmes about double the likelihood of entering regular employment or education. Participating in training courses also increases this likelihood, but effect sizes are smaller.

22. Jose Ignacio García-Pérez, Manuel Serrano Alarcon, Judit Vall-Castello: Long-term Unemployment Subsidies and Middle-aged Disadvantaged Workers’ Health

This paper examines the labour market and health effects of a non-contributory long-term unemployment (LTU) benefit targeted at middle-aged disadvantaged workers. To do so, we exploit a Spanish reform introduced in July 2012 that increased the age eligibility threshold to receive the benefit from 52 to 55. Our results show that men who were eligible for the benefit experience a reduction in injury hospitalizations by 12.9% as well as a 2 percentage points drop in the probability of a mental health diagnosis. None of the results are significant for women. We document two factors that explain the gender differences: the labour market impact of the reform is stronger for men, and eligible men are concentrated in more physically demanding sectors, like construction. Importantly, we also find evidence of a program substitution effect between LTU and partial disability benefits. Our results highlight the role of long-term unemployment benefits as a protecting device for the (physical and mental) health of middle-aged, low-educated workers who are in a disadvantaged position in the labour market.

23. Jindong Pang, Shulin Shen: Do Subways Improve Labor Market Outcomes for Low-Skilled Workers?

This paper evaluates the labor market effects of subway systems on low-skilled workers. A simple model of labor supply predicts that access to subway services can decrease transportation costs and improve labor force participation, but have ambiguous effects on the intensive margin of labor market outcomes. Empirical estimates from US cities show that a ten percent expansion in subway miles increases the labor force participation of low-skilled individuals without a car by eight percentage points. However, subway expansions, have no significant effect on the labor force participation of low-skilled individuals who own automobiles or on high-skilled workers. In contrast, expansions of light rails and buses have no significant effect on the labor market outcomes of low-skilled individuals. Improved subway services do not affect wages, hours worked, and commuting times, suggesting the labor market benefits of subways mainly lie in the extensive margin of labor supply.

24. Joanna Lahey, Roberto Mosquera: Age and Hiring for High School Graduate Hispanics in the United States

The intersection of age with ethnicity is understudied, particularly for labor force outcomes. We explore the labor market for Hispanic high school graduates in the United States by age using information from the US Census, American Community Survey, Current Population Survey, and three laboratory experiments with different populations. We find that the differences in outcomes for Hispanic and non-Hispanic high school graduates do not change across the lifecycle. Moving to a laboratory setting, we provided participants with randomized resumes for a clerical position that are, on average, equivalent except for name and age. In all experiments, participants treated applicants with Hispanic and non-Hispanic names the same across the lifecycle. These findings are in stark contrast to the differences and patterns across the lifecycle for corresponding Black workers and job applicants. We argue that these null results may explain the much smaller literature on labor market discrimination against less-educated Hispanic workers.

25. Nikos Benos, Stelios Karagiannis, Sofia Tsitou: Geography, Landownership Inequality and Literacy: Historical Evidence from Greek Regions

Our work sheds light on the joint role of human capital and geography during the early stages of the transition from stagnation to growth in early 20th century Greece. We uncover a robust association between geography and literacy. We also show that geography is correlated with land inequality and thus establish that land distribution is a channel through which geography influences literacy. Finally, the impact of geography on human capital formation weakens with industrialization. Our work contributes to the literature on geography and human capital in the transition from stagnation to growth since Greece was at the early stages of the industrial era during the study period.

26. Evelyn Skoy: Household Impacts of Child Health Shocks

Women bear a disproportionate share of the unpaid labor within a household, which contributes to gender gaps in life and relationship satisfaction. This paper examines how an exogenous shock that increases the workload within the household impacts the burden of unpaid labor. By exploiting a rich longitudinal dataset from Australia, I estimate the gendered impacts to parental workload and stress, life and relationship satisfaction, and household division of labor when parents have a child with a significant health shock. I find evidence that women experience a decrease in their satisfaction with parenting and life satisfaction. These results are most pronounced for households where the mother is less active in the labor market or less educated. Point estimates indicate that men do not experience the same negative effects.