Category Archives: Post-18

Special issue on hiring discrimination edited by GLO Fellows

A special issue of the International Journal of Manpower on “Hiring Discrimination” has just been published under the editorship of three Fellows of the Global Labor Organization (GLO).

***Special Issue on Hiring Discrimination***

GLO Fellows Nick Drydakis, Stijn Baert, and Magnus Carlsson are delighted to publish a collection of papers on “Hiring Discrimination: Measures, Moderators and Mechanisms” in the International Journal of Manpower (Volume 39, Issue 4). Many of the papers are related to the GLO Thematic Cluster on “Gender, Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation and Labor Market Outcomes” headed by Nick Drydakis as GLO Cluster Lead.

The papers offer new patterns in the study of hiring discrimination and employment bias. Innovative primary field experiments, literature reviews on field experiments, scenario experiments and wage studies are provided from a most interesting sample of countries including Belgium, China, Czech Republic, France, the GCC, Sweden and the UK.

The Special Issue examines a plethora of characteristics that might entail favorable or adverse treatments in the labor market. How transgenderism, attractiveness, masculine and feminine personality traits, ethnicity, labor market history, neighborhood signalling effects, commuting time, firm size, marital status, and parental leave length affect the hiring stage and individuals’ employment prospects are explored and evaluated through the lens of economic theory.

The papers report several statistically significant patterns which might create a fruitful discussion in the research field. For instance, the papers suggest that: (a) hiring prospects might be negatively affected by a part-time profile for men, living in a deprived neighborhood for ethnic minorities, commuting time, spells of unemployment for married women, transgenderism for women; and (b) hiring prospects might be positively affected by attractiveness, high quality profiles after a short parental leave for women, and masculine personality traits for women.

Nick DrydakisStijn BaertProfilbild

GLO Cluster Lead Nick Drydakis (left) and GLO Fellows Stijn Baert and Magnus Carlsson

RELATED LITERATURE (open access):

GLO Discussion Paper No. 176: Economic Pluralism in the Study of Wage Discrimination: A Note – Download PDF
by Drydakis, Nick

GLO Discussion Paper No. 175: Public Opinion and Immigration: Who Favors Employment Discrimination against Immigrants? – Download PDF
by Cooray, Arusha & Marfouk, Abdeslam & Nazir, Maliha

GLO Discussion Paper No. 173: The Signal of Applying for a Job Under a Vacancy Referral Scheme – Download PDF
by Van Belle, Eva & Caers, Ralf & De Couck, Marijke & Di Stasio, Valentina & Baert, Stijn

GLO Discussion Paper No. 115: Why Is Unemployment Duration a Sorting Criterion in Hiring? – Download PDF
by Van Belle, Eva & Caers, Ralf & De Couck, Marijke & Di Stasio, Valentina & Baert, Stijn

GLO Discussion Paper No. 103: Inclusive recruitment? Hiring discrimination against older workers – Download PDF
by Drydakis, Nick & MacDonald, Peter & Bozani, Vasiliki & Chiotis, Vangelis

GLO Discussion Paper No. 61: Hiring Discrimination: An Overview of (Almost) All Correspondence Experiments Since 2005 – Download PDF
by Baert, Stijn

GLO Discussion Paper No. 2: Hiring a Homosexual, Taking a Risk? A Lab Experiment on Employment Discrimination and Risk AversionDownload PDF
by Baert, Stijn

Annabelle Krause
Ulf Rinne
Klaus F. Zimmermann
Anonymous Job Applications in Europe
IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, 1:5 (2012)
Annabelle Krause
Ulf Rinne
Klaus F. Zimmermann
Anonymous Job Applications of Fresh Ph.D. Economists
Economics Letters, 117 (2012), pp. 441-444

Ends;

 

WISE Labor Conference at Xiamen University, China, on the 8-9 December 2018 with GLO participants

Since years, the Wang Yanan Institute for Studies in Economics (WISE), Xiamen University, China, is organizing an International Symposium on Contemporary Labor Economics together with the Institute for Economic and Social Research (IESR) of Jinan University, and the Department of Economics of the Chinese University of Hong Kong. The purpose of this Symposium is to facilitate the exchange of ideas between Chinese and international scholars on labor economics.

In 2018, the event takes place on December 8-9. The CALL FOR PAPERS is now available. Those interested in participating should submit their papers at http://www.wise.xmu.edu.cn/meetings/LABOR2018. The submission deadline is October 15, 2018.

Klaus F. Zimmermann, President of the Global Labor Organization (GLO) will support the event as one of the keynote speakers. He has provided lectures before at Xiamen University in 2006 and 2009; 2006 together with Richard Freeman and Junsen Zhang at the first 2006 International Symposium on Contemporary Labor Economics.

The eminent keynote speakers of this year are:

  •         Richard Freeman (Harvard University)
  •         Paola Giuliano (University of California, Los Angeles)
  •         Carsten Holz (Hong Kong University of Science and Technology)
  •         Craig McIntosh (University of California, San Diego)
  •         Paul Oyer (Stanford University)
  •         Junsen Zhang (Chinese University of Hong Kong)
  •         Klaus F. Zimmermann (Global Labor Organization, UNU-MERIT & Maastricht University )

Junsen Zhang and Paola Giuliano are also GLO Fellows.

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Challenges for European Integration: Monetary, Fiscal and Labor Issues Discussed at Conference in Linz/Austria

Jens Weidmann of the German Bundesbank provided a keynote lecture. Klaus F. Zimmermann of the Global Labor Organization (GLO) spoke in a panel on social cohesion and labor mobility.

The 45th Economics Conference of the Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB) with the Austrian Federal Economic Chamber (WKO) took place on July 5, 2018 – July 6, 2018 in Linz/Austria.

The event was entitled

“Economic and Monetary Union – Deepening and Convergence”.

The most prominent keynote speaker of the first afternoon was Jens Weidmann of the German Bundesbank followed by three panel sessions. Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT and Maastricht University), who is also the President of the Global Labor Organization (GLO), spoke about the role of labor mobility for social cohesion.

“Amid formidable challenges, Europe’s future depends not least on the capacity of its economies to converge toward their best performing peers. The conference at the start of the Austrian EU Presidency analyzed which dimensions matter most for the smooth functioning of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and for the convergence of Central, Eastern and Southeastern European (CESEE) countries. The conference shed light on economic, social and territorial cohesion as enshrined in the EU Treaty. Experts from academia, business and politics debated how to prevent economic dispersion, promote deeper integration and ensure sustainable East-West and South-North convergence. They discussed the viability of the institutional framework, deepening of EMU, assessed the Commission’s recent proposals, looked into EU structural and cohesion policies and explored both the potential and policy challenges for CESEE.”

Klaus F. Zimmermann, Angela Pfister & Thomas Liebig — the panelists on social cohesion and migration.

Angela Pfister works for the Austrian Trade Union Federation (ÖGB).

Thomas Liebig (OECD) is a also a Fellow of the Global Labor Organization (GLO).

As Klaus F. Zimmermann argued in his presentation, “Labor mobility is about cooperating in societies or between societies in order to survive and prosper. Hence, migration does not have to be in conflict with social cohesion. Furthermore, it:
►supports the optimal allocation of resources,
►leads to balanced adjustments to asymmetric shocks,
►fights temporary scarcity and deals with shared long-term needs,
►is an indicator of solidarity (see the current “refugee” debate in Europe and the mobility concerns), and
►is of central importance for all countries in the monetary union like the Eurozone.”

Thomas Liebig is co-author of a prominent recent research paper that documents how economies in Europe and the United States have adjusted to asymmetric shocks in the recent Great Recession. It has been the GLO Discussion Paper of the Month in February 2018 and is forthcoming in the Journal of Population Economics.

Jauer, Julia & Liebig, Thomas & Martin, John P. & Puhani, Patrick A., Migration as an adjustment mechanism in the crisis? A comparison of Europe and the United States 2006-2016,  GLO Discussion Paper 178, February 2018. Free download.

Abstract: We estimate whether migration can be an equilibrating force in the labor market by comparing pre-and post-crisis migration movements at the regional level in both Europe and the United States, and their association with symmetric labor market shocks. Based on fixed-effects regressions using regional panel data, we find that Europe’s migratory response to unemployment shocks was almost identical to that recorded in the United States after the crisis. Our estimates suggest that, if all measured population changes in Europe were due to migration for employment purposes – i.e. an upper-bound estimate – up to about a quarter of the asymmetric labor market shock would be absorbed by migration within a year. However, in Europe and especially in the Eurozone, the reaction to a very large extent stems from migration of recent EU accession country citizens as well as of third – country nationals.

See also a recent debate about internal labor mobility in Europe and Austria.

***********************************************************************
From the program of July 5, 2018:

Keynote lecture:
Deepening EMU – Political Integration and Economic Convergence

Jens Weidmann
President, Deutsche Bundesbank

……….
Panel: Social Cohesion – The Role of Labour Mobility
Chair:
Kurt Pribil
Executive Director, Oesterreichische Nationalbank
Panelists:
Thomas Liebig, Senior Migration Specialist, OECD
Angela Pfister, Economic Expert, Austrian Trade Union Federation (ÖGB)
Klaus F. Zimmermann, President | Professor
Global Labor Organization (GLO) | Maastricht University | UNU-MERIT

………

For a link to the Full Program click Program on this page.
******************************************************************************************

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GLO members visited the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in Uppsala

GLO Fellow Maria Paradiso and Klaus F. Zimmermann, President of the Global Labor Organization (GLO) both visited the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in Uppsala to participate at the annual Class Meeting of the section chairs of Social and Related Sciences (Class A2) of the Academia Europea (AE), the European Academy. The Class Meeting discussed nominations for membership and the future academic work of the class.

GLO Fellow Professor Maria Paradiso is Section Chair of the Section Social Sciences of the Academia Europea (AE) and also affiliated with the University of Sannio, Italy.

GLO President Professor Klaus F. Zimmermann is Section Chair of the Section Economics, Business and Management Sciences of the Academia Europea (AE) and also affiliated with UNU-MERIT & Maastricht University, The Netherlands.

After the Uppsala meeting: Maria Paradiso and Klaus F. Zimmermann at Frankfurt airport changing flights. Both had discussed ways to intensify collaborations between their AE Sections and about research related to their joint research area, migration, including GLO business.

The AE is the Academy of Europe, and the sections of Class A2 are (i) Behavioural Sciences, (ii) Social Sciences, (iii) Economics, Business and Management Sciences and (iv) Law with the respective chairs Ulrich Teichler (University of Kassel, representing Peter Scott), Maria Paradiso, Klaus F. Zimmermann and Dagmar Coester-Waltjen (University of Göttingen). The event was led by Class Chair Björn Wittrock  of the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in Uppsala, who also acted as the local host. The Class Meeting discussed nominations for membership and the future academic work of the class.

From the left: Ulrich Teichler, Björn Wittrock, Maria Paradiso, Klaus F. Zimmermann and Dagmar Coester-Waltjen.

From the right: Ulrich Teichler, Dagmar Coester-Waltjen, Maria Paradiso and Klaus F. Zimmermann  in front of the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in Uppsala.

Many prominent GLO Fellows are elected distinguished members of the Acedemia Europaea.

Examples are: Lucian Liviu Albu, Torben Andersen, Graziella Bertocchi, Amelie Constant, Partha Dasgupta, Manfred Deistler, Peter Dolton, Gustav Feichtinger, Stepan Jurajda, Martin Kahanec, Kai Konrad, Andreu Mas-Colell, Peter Nijkamp, Karine Nyborg, Jacques Poot, Mirjana Radovic-Markovic, Nina Smith, Rick van der Ploeg, Thierry Verdier, Reinhilde Veugelers, Marie Claire Villeval, Rainer Winkelmann, and Yves Zenou.

GLO and AE have collaborated in various ways, e.g. supporting Central European University (CEU) in Budapest in 2017.

# I stand with CEU! GLO Fellows and Academicians expressed their solidarity at CEU in Budapest

“The Scientist and Policy Making”: MAE & GLO Economists in Budapest

Central European University (CEU) under threat

 

Over 2015 – 2017, GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann had hosted the Social and Related Sciences (Class A2) of the Academia Europea (AE) annual Class Meeting in Bonn, twice at his private home, and 2015 at the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

The Section Chairs of Class 2 of the Academia Europaea (AE) met on July 13 – 14, 2015, at the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn to discuss joint initiatives including the nominations of new AE members.

Zimmermann_Group_2015_small.jpg

The picture has (from the left) Peter Scott, Antoine Bailly, Anne Buttimer (+), Joseph Straus, Aleksandra Nowak, and Klaus F. Zimmermann representing the sections (i) Behavioural Sciences, (ii) Social Sciences, (iii) Economics, Business and Management Sciences, and (iv) Law.

Ends;

GLO Discussion Papers June 2018 & Discussion Paper of the Month

Titles and free access/links to GLO Discussion Papers

GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion. Provided in cooperation with EconStor, a service of the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, GLO Discussion Papers are among others listed in RePEc (see IDEAS, EconPapers). Complete list of all GLO DPs downloadable for free.

GLO Discussion Paper of the Month: June

Giuntella, Osea & Mazzonna, Fabrizio & Nicodemo, Catia & Vargas-Silva, Carlos, 2018. “Immigration and the Reallocation of Work Health Risks,” GLO Discussion Paper No. 215, Global Labor Organization (GLO). PDF Free Download. Forthcoming: Journal of Population Economics

Abstract: This paper studies the effects of immigration on the allocation of occupational physical burden and work injury risks. Using data for England and Wales from the Labour Force Survey (2003-2013), we find that, on average, immigration leads to a reallocation of UK-born workers towards jobs characterized by lower physical burden and injury risk. The results also show important differences across skill groups. Immigration reduces the average physical burden of UK-born workers with medium levels of education, but has no significant effect on those with low levels. We also find that that immigration led to an improvement of self-reported measures of native workers’ health. These findings, together with the evidence that immigrants report lower injury rates than natives, suggest that the reallocation of tasks could reduce overall health care costs and the human and financial costs typically associated with workplace injuries.

GLO Discussion Papers of June 2018

222 Ageing, the socioeconomic burden, labour market and migration. The Chinese case in an international perspectiveDownload PDF
by Bruni, Michele

221 Gender and climate change: Do female parliamentarians make a difference?Download PDF
by Mavisakalyan, Astghik & Tarverdi, Yashar

220 Unemployment and Marital Breakdown: The Spanish Case – Download PDF
by González-Val, Rafael & Marcén, Miriam

219 Self-employment as a stepping stone to better labour market matching: a comparison between immigrants and natives – Download PDF
by Ulceluse, Magdalena

218 The Role of Human Capital Resources in East African Economies – Download PDF
by Urgaia, Worku R

217 The role of conflict in sex discrimination: The case of missing girls – Download PDF
by Mavisakalyan, Astghik & Minasyan, Anna

216 A parsimonious model of longevity, fertility, HIV transmission and development – Download PDF
by Gori, Luca & Manfredi, Piero & Sodini, Mauro

215 Immigration and the Reallocation of Work Health Risks – Download PDF
by Giuntella, Osea & Mazzonna, Fabrizio & Nicodemo, Catia & Vargas-Silva, Carlos

214 R&D, Embodied Technological Change and Employment: Evidence from Spain – Download PDF
by Pellegrino, Gabriele & Piva, Mariacristina & Vivarelli, Marco

M.M. (Magdalena) Ulceluse, PhD

GLO DP Team
Senior Editors:
Matloob Piracha (University of Kent) & GLO Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University and Bonn University).
Managing Editor: Magdalena Ulceluse, University of Groningen. DP@glabor.org

Ends;

 

International Conference in Berlin: Highlights of EBES25 with GLO & FOM in Berlin

The 25th Conference of the Eurasia Business and Economics Society (EBES) took place on May 23-25, 2018 in Berlin/Germany. It was jointly organized with the Global Labor Organization (GLO) and hosted by the FOM University of Applied Sciences in their Berlin study center. During the conference, 316 papers by 525 researchers from 60 countries were presented. The event is part of a long-term partnership of GLO & EBES and GLO & FOM.

THE FULL CONFERENCE PROGRAM CAN BE ACCESSED HERE.

Further information can be found here: Conference call; EBES Fellow Award; GLO Activities.

This post reports some highlights by presenting a few selected pictures.

Welcome! And “Thank You!” for a perfect local organization: Professor and GLO Fellow Manuela Zipperling (Head of FOM Berlin) receives the “EBES thank you plate” presented by Professor and GLO Fellow Mehmet Huseyin Bilgin (Vice President of EBES and Istanbul Medeniyet University, Istanbul) (right) and assisted by GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann (left).

GLO President Professor Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht, from the left) addressed the large audience, and Manuela Zipperling (Head of FOM Berlin),  Aylin Akin (Assistant Editor of the EBES Journals), Mehmet Huseyin Bilgin (Vice President of EBES and Istanbul Medeniyet University, Istanbul) and Professor and GLO Fellow Kea Tijdens (University of Amsterdam and WageIndicator Foundation).

GLO Fellows Kea Tijdens and Christoph Kannengießer (CEO, German African Business Association), both chairing and speaking at the GLO Policy Panel on: “Mobilizing Human Resources in Africa”.

GLO Fellow Marco Vivarelli (Catholic University of Milan) during his keynote lecture in the keynote session “The Economics of Technology and Employment”).

Klaus F. Zimmermann during his keynote lecture about “Back to Paradise? Technology and Jobs” in the keynote session on “The Economics of Technology and Employment”.

Mehmet Huseyin Bilgin and Professor and GLO Fellow Sascha Frohwerk (FOM University, Berlin, right) after Frohwerk’s keynote lecture in the keynote session on “The Economics of Technology and Employment” receiving a thank you plate.

On Wednesday May 23, the EBES Fellow Award 2018 was given to Klaus F. Zimmermann, Professor Emeritus of Bonn University and Honorary Professor of the Free University of Berlin. He is also Co-Director of POP at UNU-MERIT and Honorary Professor at Maastricht University and Honorary Professor at Renmin University of China. The award was given to Zimmermann by Marco Vivarelli and Mehmet Huseyin Bilgin.

 

Wonderful emotions at the Wasserwerk Berlin. GLO Reception for all conference participants.

After the hour…. sightseeing tour of conference participants through Berlin by night. Friends Mehmet Huseyin Bilgin (right) and Klaus F. Zimmermann (left) at the Brandenburg Gate.

Aylin Akin (Assistant Editor of the EBES Journals) and Klaus F. Zimmermann as part of the effective EBES team in front of the Brandenburg Gate. Zimmermann is also a member of the Executive Board of EBES and a member of the Editorial Board of the Eurasian Economic Review.

Managing Editor Ender Demir (Istanbul Medeniyet University) of the Eurasian Business Review with Klaus F. Zimmermann in front of the Brandenburg Gate.

The old West Berlin, view on the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church from a prominent event place near-by enjoying free time and drinks after the very successful EBES25 Berlin conference and a great dinner at Gendarmenmarkt.

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Danny Blanchflower joins GLO as additional Research Director

David Blanchflower is the Bruce V Rauner Professor of Economics at Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, part-time professor at the University of Stirling, and a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. He was an external member of the monetary policy committee at the Bank of England from June 2006 to May 2009.

With currently 61.4 K followers on Twitter, Blanchflower is one of the most visible economists of our time in the social media.

Blanchflower is now appointed GLO Research Director dealing with global labor policy issues in advanced economies including happiness research, wage formation and Brexit. He complements GLO Research Director Corrado Giulietti, who focuses on discrimination, migration, China and developing countries.

See his website and follow him on Twitter: @D_Blanchflower

For some of his recent public comments see:

“Brexit has bumped us from the fast lane to the slow lane – experts debate the data”, The Guardian, 28th November 2017

“University vice-chancellors deserve more pay, not less. Here’s why”, The Guardian,  22 November 2017

“The Government’s lack of Brexit plan showed in the Budget”, The Mirror, 22 November 2017

“Can an interest rate rise halt UK inflation? Experts debate the data”, The Guardian, 24 October 2017

“A place in the sun, in Hurricane Alley: was this my worst investment ever?”, The Guardian 22nd September 2017

Ends;

Oded Galor of Brown University becomes Editor of the Journal of Population Economics. Interview with Galor about Unified Growth Theory and journal editing.

On 1 July 2018, Oded Galor becomes Editor of the Journal of Population Economics following Erdal Tekin, who has taken the position of Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM) (see for further details). For an interview with Oded Galor see below.

Oded Galor (Herbert H. Goldberger Professor of Economics at Brown University) is the founder of Unified Growth Theory. He has contributed to the understanding of process of development over the entire course of human history and the role of deep-rooted factors in the transition from stagnation to growth and in the emergence of the vast inequality across the globe. He has pioneered the exploration of the impact of human evolution, population diversity, and inequality on the process of development and his interdisciplinary research has redirected research in the field of economic growth to the exploration of the long shadow of history and to the role of biogeographical and demographic forces in comparative economic development.

The Journal of Population of Economics is the top journal in the field of population economics. It is an international research journal that publishes original theoretical and applied contributions on the economics of population, household, and human resources. It is owned by Springer Nature and operates from POP at UNU-MERIT, Maastricht, The Netherlands. It is published in collaboration with the Global Labor Organization (GLO) and the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE).

The Journal of Population Economics is one of the top ranked Springer Nature journals in economics. In 2017 it has published 40 research papers out of 524 submissions, which implies a 92.4% final rejection rate. Submissions have significantly increased, eg. doubled in the last decade from below 300 to nearly 600 this year. The impact factor has increased from 0.5 in 2007 to an expected 1.3 in 2017. For more details of the actual performance of the journal  see this post and the just published Report of the Editor-in-Chief 2018.

Journal of Population Economics

Number of Submissions to the Journal of Population Economics:

Journal of Economic Growth

Oded Galor is the Founding Editor of the Journal of Economic Growth also owned by Springer Nature and will remain in the position of Editor of this outlet. The Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM) is the top field journal in public policy and published on behalf of the Association for Public Policy and Management (APPAM). It has been ranked number 21 for 2016 among economics journals by the impact factor (IF: 3.415) with Journal of Economic Growth rank 20 (IF: 3.440) and Econometrica rank 22 (IF: 3.379). Oded Galor and Klaus F. Zimmermann see a large strategic benefit for both the Journal of Economic Growth and the Journal of Population Economics in a close collaboration.

As Editor-in-Chief Klaus F. Zimmermann, who is also the GLO President, stated:

“Oded is a legendary figure, both as top researcher and an admired journal editor. He has already served for decades as Associate Editor of the Journal of Population Economics and understands the relevance and context of our work. Sandro Cigno, Junsen Zhang, Michaella Vanore and I are very excited to work with him. We all share the same ambitions and the expectations to make the Journal of Population Economics an even more influential academic outlet of the field.”

Interview with Oded Galor

  1. What makes population economics an exciting field of analysis for a leading researcher in the field of economic growth?

Oded Galor: The transition from an epoch of stagnation to an era of sustained economic growth has marked the onset of one of the most remarkable transformations in the course of human history. While living standards in the world economy stagnated during the millennia preceding the Industrial Revolution, income per capita has undergone an unprecedented tenfold increase over the past two centuries, profoundly altering the level and distribution of education, health, and wealth across the globe. The rise in the standard of living has not been universally shared among individuals and societies. Variation in the timing of the take-off from stagnation to growth has led to a vast worldwide divergence in income per capita. Inequality, which had been modest until the nineteenth century, has widened considerably, and the ratio of income per capita between the richest and the poorest regions of the world has been magnified.

Throughout most of human existence, the process of development was marked by Malthusian stagnation. Resources generated by technological progress and land expansion were channeled primarily toward an increase in the size of the population, providing only a glacial contribution to the level of income per capita in the long run. Cross-country technological differences were reflected in variations population densities, and their effect on variation in living standards was merely transitory. In contrast, over the past two centuries, various regions of the world have departed from the Malthusian trap and have witnessed a considerable increase in growth rates of income per capita. The decline in population growth over the course of the demographic transition has liberated productivity gains from the counterbalancing effect of population growth and enabled technological progress and human capital formation to pave the way for the emergence of an era of sustained economic growth.

Thus, the pivotal role of population dynamics in the transition from Malthusian stagnation to sustained economic growth and the emergence of vast inequality across nations, makes the study of population economics central for the understanding of the growth process.

  1. What attracted a leading scholar in the field of economic growth to the Journal of Population Economics?

Oded Galor: In light of the importance of demographic forces in the understanding of the process of development and the vast inequality across the globe, the Journal of Population Economics is in a unique position to make a significant contribution in the understanding of this important relationship.

  1. What kind of research do you wish to attract to the Journal of Population Economics?

Oded Galor: I would like to encourage the submission of research papers that are centered around:

  • The causes and the consequences of the demographic transition
  • Population diversity and economic development
  • Human evolution and the process of development
  • The interaction between population and economic growth
  • Population dynamism in the Malthusian epoch

 

Picture below: Managing Editor Michaella Vanore and Klaus F. Zimmermann working intensively together at UNU-MERIT, Maastricht.

Ends;

Erdal Tekin (American University) leaves position as Editor of the Journal of Population Economics. Followed by Oded Galor of Brown University. Interview with Erdal Tekin about public policy research and journal editing.

On 1 July 2018, Erdal Tekin becomes the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM). His role as Editor of the Journal of Population Economics will be taken by Oded Galor. For an interview with Erdal Tekin see below.

Erdal Tekin is a Professor of Public Policy in the School of Public Affairs at American University. He is also a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) and a Fellow of the Global Labor Organization (GLO). His research focuses on health economics and the economics of crime.  More information about Erdal Tekin’s research and his other professional activities can be found on www.erdaltekin.com.

The Journal of Population of Economics is the top journal in the field of population economics. It is an international research journal that publishes original theoretical and applied contributions on the economics of population, household, and human resources. It is owned by Springer Nature and operates from POP at UNU-MERIT, Maastricht, The Netherlands. It is published in collaboration with the Global Labor Organization (GLO) and the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE).

The Journal of Population Economics is one of the top ranked Springer Nature journals in economics. In 2017 it has published 40 research papers out of 524 submissions, which implies a 92.4% final rejection rate. Submissions have significantly increased, eg. doubled in the last decade from below 300 to nearly 600 this year. The impact factor has increased from 0.5 in 2007 to an expected 1.3 in 2017. For more details of the actual performance of the journal  see this post and the just published Report of the Editor-in-Chief 2018.

Number of Submissions to the Journal of Population Economics:

The Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM) is the top field journal in public policy and published on behalf of the Association for Public Policy and Management (APPAM). It has been ranked number 21 for 2016 among economics journals by the impact factor (IF: 3.415) with Journal of Economic Growth rank 20 (IF: 3.440) and Econometrica rank 22 (IF: 3.379).

Erdal Tekin has served as an Editor for the Journal of Population Economics between 2000 and 2018 together with the acting editors Alessandro Cigno and Junsen Zhang and Editor-in-Chief Klaus F. Zimmermann. For nearly two decades, Erdal Tekin took responsibility for papers dealing with risky behavior, family and labor. Together with the full team, he considerably shaped the profile and extraordinary success of the Journal of Population Economics. He also supported the development of the European Society of Population Economics (ESPE) by contributing to their annual meetings and making the connections to the local team organizing the very successful 2015 annual ESPE congress at Izmir University of Economics, Izmir, Turkey.

As Editor-in-Chief Klaus F. Zimmermann, who is also the GLO President, stated:

“Erdal has been of invaluable help in developing new areas like risky behavior for the journal, ensuring the highest quality standards and always providing the requested team spirit. The remaining editorial team is grateful for his long-term contributions and will miss his advice, ambitions and inspirations. We wish him all the best in his new role as Editor-in-Chief  of this major journal, JPAM.”

The appointment of Oded Galor of Brown University as Editor of the Journal of Population Economics will be detailed in a separate post!

Interview with Erdal Tekin

Questions are by Klaus F. Zimmermann.

  1. What makes policy research so important at this historical time?

Erdal Tekin: The U.S. society and many societies across the globe are facing an increasingly complex set of pressing problems, ranging from climate change and health care to immigration and gun violence.  Unfortunately, we sometimes see that the so-called solutions to these problems are debated or evaluated through the lenses of ideology and faith. These non-scientific approaches both prolong these problems and make any remedial efforts later less likely to succeed and much costlier for the public. This is unfortunate because, thanks to the analytic tools developed by social scientists and the availability of large scale and rich data sources, we are in a position to identify effective and efficient solutions to many of these problems today. What we need is less ideology and more data-driven, evidence based approaches that are formulated based upon on policy research.

  1. What does one learn from journal editing?

Erdal Tekin: Editing a journal is a big job – it is extremely time consuming and comes with tremendous responsibility. But at the same time, it is a very gratifying experience to be at a position where you can have an influence the way in which your discipline evolves.  In my own experience serving as an editor for the Journal of Population Economics for more than eight years, I have learned tremendously from reading hundreds of papers and thousands of referee reports, which has improved my sense of what constitutes good scientific work.  As a result, I believe, or I hope, that I have become a better researcher myself. Editing a journal also forces one to become more disciplined, organized, and patient.

  1. What kind of research do you wish to attract to the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management?

Erdal Tekin: The Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM) already enjoys a well-deserved reputation of publishing innovative and empirically rigorous research that meets the highest standards of scholarship across disciplines and policy domains.  JPAM is not only the most visible journal in the academic community concerned with issues related to public policy and management, but it is also one of the most prominent journals across all social sciences with respect to its reputation and impact factor. I view it as my utmost critical responsibility to ensure that the journal continues to advance in its current trajectory and solidify its reputation as the “go to” outlet for the very best scientific contributions in public policy and management. Accordingly, a key goal of my editorship would be to continue practices that ensure that priorities of high quality and inclusivity of various disciplines and policy domains are met. The vision of JPAM that I embrace is one that emphasizes high standards, wide visibility and impact, inclusivity, and diversity.

Editorial meeting during the 2015 annual ESPE congress at Izmir University of Economics, Izmir, Turkey. From the left: Sandro Cigno, Klaus F. Zimmermann, Katharina Wetzel-Vandai (Economics Editor of Springer Nature) and Erdal Tekin.

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Publishing frontier research – the Journal of Population Economics. 2018 Report of the Editor-in-Chief available!

Continuing the strong performance of the top journal in population economics. Annual reporting provides details of the success. The journal is global and invites top and innovative submissions of research papers from all over the world.

The Journal of Population of Economics is an international quarterly research journal that publishes original theoretical and applied contributions on the economics of population, household, and human resources. It is owned by Springer Nature and operates from POP at UNU-MERIT, Maastricht, The Netherlands. It is published in collaboration with the Global Labor Organization (GLO) and the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE).

The Journal of Population of Economics is considered to be the top journal in the field of population economics. Editor-in-Chief is Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT, The Netherlands), who is also the President of GLO. He had initiated the creation of ESPE, and was its first Secretary and later ESPE President.

Editors are Alessandro Cigno (University of Florence, Italy), Erdal Tekin (American University, USA) and Junsen Zhang (Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong). Managing Editor is Michaella Vanore (‎Maastricht University, The Netherlands). For the complete Editorial Board see the website. Cigno, Tekin, Zhang and Vanore are also GLO Fellows.

After the Journal of Economic Growth, the Journal of Population Economics is the highest ranked Springer Nature journal in economics. It publishes 40 research papers out of 524 (2017) submissions, which implies a 92.4% final rejection rate. Submissions have significantly increased also in 2018, so that the number of submissions obtained in this year is expected to be close to 600. The 2-Year Impact Factor of Clarivate Analytics (previously Thomson Reuters) for 2016 has been 1.136 (5-Year Impact Factor: 1.846); it is expected to be around 1.3 for 2017.

Number of Submissions to the Journal of Population Economics.

 

Among the submissions in 2017, 47% were from Europe, 22% from North America and 21% from Asia and the Middle East. In terms of online access to articles in 2017, 34% of the visits were from North America, 29% from Europe and 25% from Asia and the Middle East. This documents well the global reach of the Journal of Population Economics.

FOR MORE DETAILS see the new Report of the Editor-in-Chief 2018.

Report Editor-in-Chief 2018

Managing Editor Michaella Vanore and Klaus F. Zimmermann working intensively together at UNU-MERIT, Maastricht.

 

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First Renmin University & GLO Conference on the Chinese labor market in Beijing on 20-21 October 2018. Submission deadline is August 15!

The School of Labor and Human Resources at Renmin University of China (Beijing) and the Global Labor Organization (GLO) announce the creation of a new conference series on issues related to the Chinese labor market. The first event will take place on 20 and 21 October 2018 at Renmin University of China, Beijing. Papers or long abstracts should be submitted by 15 August 2018. CONFERENCE FLYER

First Renmin University / GLO Conference
Call for Papers
Renmin University of China, Beijing
20 and 21 October 2018

The Renmin University / GLO Conference aims to provide a platform for researchers working on topics related to the Chinese labor market, including migration, discrimination, health and well-being, education, environment, labor market policies.

The event is organized by the School of Labor and Human Resources at Renmin
University of China and the Global Labor Organization (GLO). It is part of the Chinese Labor Market Cluster of GLO headed by Cluster Lead Corrado Giulietti (University of Southampton).
————————
Keynote speakers
Shi Li (Beijing Normal University)
Xin Meng (Australian National University)
Junsen Zhang (Chinese University of Hong Kong)
Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT and Maastricht University)
————————
Submissions
Papers or long abstracts should be submitted by August 15 2018 at renmin-glo@ruc.edu.cn

Program Committee
Sylvie Démurger (French National Centre for Scientific Research), Shuaizhang
Feng (Jinan University), Corrado Giulietti (University of Southampton), Jun
Han (Renmin University of China)

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International Summer School on Migration and Asylum joins GLO as institutional supporter. Deadline for next Summer School is June 15, 2018!

The Global Labor Organization (GLO) supports the International Summer School on Migration and Asylum (migrationschool.eu) in Bologna. migrationschool.eu has joined GLO as an institutional supporter.

The International Summer School on Migration and Asylum is a high-level training organized every year in Bologna. The School is organized by the Italian NGO Africa e Mediterraneo with the support of a number of international partners and sponsors.

Starting from 2018, the Summer School focuses on labor market integration of migrants and asylum seekers, exploring this vast topic from several perspectives, such as: analysis and comparisons of current labor integration policies for migrants and refugees in Europe, certifications and recognition of qualifications, migrants’ self-employment and self-enterprise, and more. Lectures and seminars are integrated with field visits and meetings with experts and professionals working in the field, offering contributions and training on how labour integration of migrants and asylum seekers can be translated into practice in different social and economic contexts.

The next International Summer School on Migration and Asylum will be held in Bologna from 9 -14 July 2018.

The deadline for applications is June 15, 2018!                              LINK for Registration

After two successful events, to which around 300 people from more than 40 countries have applied and more than 100 participants were selected, the main focus of this year edition will be the labor integration of migrants and refugees. Participants will be social workers, researchers, students, journalists, members of international organizations and NGOs, national and European public officials, who will have the chance to be involved in moments of training and sharing of experiences, best practices and knowledge on the topic of labor integration of migrants and refugees under the direction of international experts, academics and professionals in the field.

Flyer Summer School 2018 – Labour Integration

Program 2018 of the Summer School.

Faculty

GLO Founding Director Alessio J. G. Brown, Co‐Director of the Centre for Population, Development and Labour Economics (POP) at UNU-MERIT and Maastricht University, is a member of the Scientific Committee of the School. He is also a Speaker on this years program on “Labor Market Integration of Migrants in the European Union”.

From previous event:

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Second Conference of the Asian and Australasian Society of Labour Economics (AASLE) in Seoul on 13-15 December 2018

The Asian and Australasian Society of Labour Economics (AASLE) was founded in 2017 to promote research and cooperation in Labour and Applied Economics across Asia and Australasia.

The second conference will take place on

13 – 15 December 2018 at Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

Keynote speakers are Richard Blundell (University College London) and Henry Farber (Princeton University), who is also a Fellow of the Global Labor Organization (GLO).

For details see also the conference flyer: Flyer AASLE-Conference-2018

The inaugural conference 2017:

The inaugural conference of the AASLE brought together over 400 researchers and over 120 papers from around the world and was hosted by the Australian National University Research School of Economics in Canberra, Australia, from 7-9 December 2017. The event had been impressive and was a huge success.

The event was organized by Christian Dustmann, University College London; Bob Gregory, Australian National University and GLO; Xin Meng, Australian National University and GLO; John Tang, Australian National University; and Matthew Gray, Australian National University.

See here for the conference program.

The Global Labor Organization (GLO) had early on welcomed this initiative and has supported it through a special GLO session. A large number of GLO Fellows were participating in the event and were presenting papers in other sessions.  The session was chaired by GLO Country Lead Australia, John Haisken-DeNew (Melbourne University).

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CALL FOR PAPERS: 60th ISLE Annual Labour Conference on 19-21 December 2018 in Mumbai, India

The Global Labor Organization (GLO) supports the annual conference of the Indian Society of Labour Economics (ISLE) and the associated Indian Journal of Labour Economics. Both are partner institutions of the GLO.

CALL FOR PAPERS

60th ISLE Annual Conference, 19-21 December 2018, Mumbai, India
Conference Flyer ISLE 2018

The 60th Annual Conference of the Indian Society of Labour Economics (ISLE) will be held during 19-21 December 2018 in Mumbai, India, organized by the Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR). The conference commemorates with the Diamond Jubilee year of the formation of ISLE.  Congratulations from GLO!

Conference Themes
– Emerging Labor Markets and Employment Challenges
– Inequality in Labor Markets and Wellbeing
– World of Work and Women

Submission of Papers:
– Submission deadline:  31 August 2018: EXTENDED TO OCTOBER 1, 2018.
– Submission details: Call for papers

GLO  intends to organize a special GLO session at this conference. Those GLO members interested to contribute to such a session are invited to contact GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann (klaus.f.zimmermann@gmail.com) with ideas or preliminary paper titles.

INDIAN SOCIETY OF LABOUR ECONOMICS (ISLE)   

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The Institute of Global Economic Problems in Baku/Azerbaijan joins GLO as institutional supporter. Natig Shirinzade becomes GLO Country Lead Azerbaijan

Chairman Natig Shirinzade of the Institute of Global Economic Problems has recently participated at the GLO-EBES 25 conference on May 23-25, 2018 in Berlin to present a paper on “Migration and Social Mobility within and between Countries and its Economic Consequences in the Period of Globalization”. GLO is the Global Labor Organization, EBES the Eurasia Business and Economics Society. The full program of the conference is found here.

At the Berlin conference, Chairman Natig Shirinzade and GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann discussed intensively collaborations between both organizations. Zimmermann accepted an invitation of Chairman Shirinzade to visit Baku and Azerbaijan soon to discuss research and policy projects. Natig Shirinzade has accepted the position of GLO Country Lead Azerbaijan to represent GLO in this country.

The Institute of Global Economic Problems is a non-profit, non-governmental organization founded in Baku, Azerbaijan. Its mission is to provide scientists, political figures and society with true and confident information about the global economic processes, the global social problems, including migration problems, and other problems that affect economic sustainability problems. It aims to organize a live platform for discussions, dialogues, for assisting the exchange of opinions and views. The institute is considering a wide range of cooperation and collaboration with European and World think tanks and institutes. It believes that through tight connections of adequate dialogue between the scientists, organizations, countries and continents it will be able to achieve the goal to help society, the people, to overcome the forthcoming waves of globalization, which undoubtedly will influence everyone. With the help of attracted experts from the fields of sociology and economics, the Institute intends to prepare both theoretical and empirical articles on world social and economic problems.

Chairman Natig Shirinzade (right)and GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann on May 25, 2018 in Berlin.

www.globin.org

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GLO Discussion Papers May 2018 & Discussion Paper of the Month

Titles and free access/links to GLO Discussion Papers

GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion. Provided in cooperation with EconStor, a service of the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, GLO Discussion Papers are among others listed in RePEc (see IDEAS, EconPapers). Complete list of all GLO DPs downloadable for free.

GLO Discussion Paper of the Month: May

Nikolova, Milena; Nikolaev, Boris N., Family matters: involuntary parental unemployment during childhood and subjective well-being later in life, GLO Discussion Paper No. 212, May 2018. Free download.

Abstract: We are the first to examine how parental unemployment experienced during early-, mid- and late-childhood affects adult life satisfaction. Using German household panel data, we find that parental unemployment induced by plant closures and experienced during early (0-5 years) and late (11-15 years) childhood leads to lower life satisfaction at ages 18-31. Nevertheless, parental unemployment can also have a positive effect depending on the age and gender of the child. Our results are robust even after controlling for local unemployment, individual and family characteristics, parental job loss expectations, financial resources, and parents’ working time when growing up. These findings imply that the adverse effects associated with parental unemployment experienced at a young age tend to last well into young adulthood and are more nuanced than previously thought.

GLO Discussion Papers of May 2018

213 Microsimulation Analysis of Optimal Income Tax Reforms. An Application to New Zealand – Download PDF
by Creedy, John & Gemmell, Norman & Hérault, Nicolas & Mok, Penny

212 Family matters: involuntary parental unemployment during childhood and subjective well-being later in life – Download PDF
by Nikolova, Milena & Nikolaev, Boris N.

211 Just Like A Woman? New Comparative Evidence on the Gender Income Gap across Eastern Europe and Central Asia – Download PDF
by Blunch, Niels-Hugo

210 National Identity under Economic Integration – Download PDF
by Chiang, Chun-Fang & Liu, Jin-Tan & Wen, Tsai-Wei

209 A nudge to quit? The effect of a change in pension information on annuitization, labor supply and retirement choices among older workers – Download PDF
by Hagen, Johannes & Hallberg, Daniel & Sjögren Lindquist, Gabriella

208 The Last of the Lost Generations? Formal and Non-Formal Education in Ghana during Times of Economic Decline and Recovery – Download PDF
by Blunch, Niels-Hugo & Hammer, Jeffrey S.

Successful GLO team:
GLO Managing Director Matloob Piracha (University of Kent, right) and GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University and Bonn University, left).

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GLO at AIEL 2018: Submission Deadline is June 10, 2018.

The Global Labor Organization (GLO) collaborates with many institutions worldwide including joint sessions at conferences.  As in 2017, the GLO seeks to be present at the 2018 Italian Association of Labor Economists (AIEL) conference in Italy. This initiative is headed by the GLO Country Lead of Italy, Francesco Pastore (Seconda Università di Napoli). GLO Italy is one of the largest country groups and among the most active.

Message

Francesco Pastore and Klaus F. Zimmermann (GLO President and UNU-MERIT, Maastricht) encourage all GLO members to submit a paper to the forthcoming XXXIII AIEL  Conference to be held on the 20-21st of September 2018 at the University Politecnica of Marche, in Ancona.

The conference will host one or more AIEL-GLO joint sessions. Those who are interested in submitting their paper should specify that the paper is meant to be presented in the AIEL-GLO joint session.

The deadline for the submission of papers is the 10th of June!

There will be a discounted rate for early bird registrations (before the 1st of August) of accepted papers.

The theme of the AIEL 2018 plenary sessions is the analysis of population ageing and of the role of families in fertility decisions, labor market participation, and children’s education.

Keynote lectures will be delivered by GLO Fellow Jan van Ours (Erasmus University Rotterdam),  Andrea Ichino (European University Institute), and Rafael Lalive (University of Lausanne).

For further information regarding the conference, see the home page of the Association: http://www.aiel.it/page/news.php

The call for papers can be downloaded from here:
http://www.aiel.it/cms/cms-files/eventi/lavoratori_eventi_consiglio_20180319175932_CBACDADC.pdf

Francesco and Klaus:
“We hope you can make it to Ancona at the XXXIII AIEL Conference!”


Left Francesco Pastore (GLO Country Lead Italy) and Klaus F. Zimmermann (GLO President)


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New study in the Journal of Population Economics reveals: Informal job search comes with a significant wage penalty!

Informal search for jobs is typically for migrants around the world. Rural migrants in urban China also use largely informal methods. A new study in the Journal of Population Economics, the leading academic outlet in the field of population economics, is now establishing a significant wage penalty for those migrant workers who have conducted their search through informal channels, despite their popularity.

The authors are Yuanyuan Chen (Shanghai University of Finance and Economics), Le Wang (University of Oklahoma) & Min Zhang (East China Normal University).

Wang is also a Fellow of the Global Labor Organization (GLO), an international organization that supports academic international exchange and the work of the Journal of Population Economics. Wang had been recently awarded the prestigious Kuznets Prize 2018 of the Journal of Population Economics for his 2017 article in the Journal with Chunbei Wang on the economic effects of marriage delays. See also the interview on the prize paper.

The article was just published in the new issue of the Journal of Population Economics, , Volume 31, Issue 3, pp. 836-876:

Informal search, bad search? The effects of job search method on wages among rural migrants in urban China

Yuanyuan Chen, Le Wang & Min Zhang

» Abstract   » Full text HTML   » Full text PDF

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00148-017-0672-x

Abstract
The use of informal job search method is prevalent in many countries. There is, however, no consensus in the literature on whether it actually matters for wages, and if it does, what are the underlying mechanisms. We empirically examine these issues specifically for rural migrants in urban China, a country where one of the largest domestic migration in human history has occurred over the past decades. We find that there exists a significant wage penalty for those migrant workers who have conducted their search through informal channels, despite their popularity. Our further analysis suggests two potential reasons for the wage penalty: (1) the informal job search sends a negative signal (of workers’ inability to successfully find a job in a competitive market) to potential employers, resulting in lower wages, and (2) there exists a trade-off between wages and search efficiency for quicker entry into local labor market. We also find some evidence that the informal job search may lead to low-skilled jobs with lower wages. We do not find strong evidence supporting alternative explanations.

Journal of Population Economics

GLO Fellow Le Wang of the University of Oklahoma (right) and Klaus F. Zimmermann (GLO President and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Population Economics.)
 

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EBES Conference in Prague in October 2018: Submission Deadline 31 July 2018

The GLO – affiliated Eurasia Business and Economics Society (EBES) invites researchers to present their work at the 26th EBES Conference in Prague, Czech Republic, on October 24-26, 2018. The Submission Deadline is July 31, 2018. The GLO is the Global Labor Organization.

Call for Papers: 26th EBES Conference – Prague
October 24-26, 2018; Prague, Czech Republic
Hosted by University of Finance and Administration
Submission Deadline: July 31, 2018
www.ebesweb.org

You are cordially invited to submit your abstracts or papers for presentation consideration at the 26th EBES Conference that will take place on October 24-26, 2018 at the University of Finance and Administration.

The conference aims to bring together many distinguished researchers from all over the world. Participants will find opportunities for presenting new research, exchanging information, and discussing current issues. Although we focus on Europe and Asia, all papers from major economics, finance, and business fields – theoretical or empirical – are highly encouraged.

Keynote Speakers
Prof. Jonathan Batten
Prof. Peter G. Szilagyi

Board
Prof. Jonathan Batten, Monash University, Australia
Prof. Iftekhar Hasan, Fordham University, U.S.A.
Prof. Peter Rangazas, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, U.S.A.
Prof. Euston Quah, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Prof. John Rust, Georgetown University, U.S.A.
Prof. Marco Vivarelli, Università Cattolica Del Sacro Cuore, Italy
Prof. Klaus F. Zimmermann, UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University, The Netherlands

Abstract/Paper Submission
Authors are invited to submit their abstracts or papers no later than February 28, 2018. For submission, please visit our website at: http://www.ebesweb.org/Conferences/26th-EBES-Conference-Prague/Abstract-Submission.aspx no submission fee is required. General inquiries regarding the call for papers should be directed to ebes@ebesweb.org.

Publication Opportunities
Qualified papers will be published in the EBES journals (no submission and publication fees). EBES journals (Eurasian Business Review and Eurasian Economic Review) are published by Springer and indexed in the SCOPUS, EBSCO EconLit with Full Text, Google Scholar, ABI/INFORM, ABS Academic Journal Quality Guide, CNKI, EBSCO Business Source, EBSCO Discovery Service, EBSCO TOC Premier, Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science), International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS), OCLC, ProQuest Business Premium Collection, ProQuest Central, ProQuest Turkey Database, Research Papers in Economics (RePEc), Summon by ProQuest, Cabell’s Directory, and Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory.

Also all accepted abstracts will be published electronically in the Conference Program and the Abstract Book (with an ISBN number). It will be distributed to all conference participants at the conference via USB. Although submitting full papers are not required, all the submitted full papers will also be included in the conference proceedings in the USB. After the conference, participants will also have the opportunity to send their paper to be published in the Springer’s series Eurasian Studies in Business and Economics (no submission and publication fees).

This will also be sent to Thomson Reuters in order to be reviewed for coverage in its Conference Proceedings Citation Index. Please note that the 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th and 19th EBES Conference Proceedings are accepted for inclusion in the Conference Proceedings Citation Index. 18th, 20th and subsequent conference proceedings are in progress.

Important Dates

Submission deadline: July 31, 2018
Reply-by: August 13, 2018
Registration deadline: September 14, 2018
Announcement of the Program: September 18, 2018

Contact
Ugur Can (ebes@ebesweb.org)
Dr. Ender Demir (demir@ebesweb.org)

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Understanding the Challenges of the NEW Austrian Government Program. Video Analysis Available

The Global Labor Organization (GLO) is commited to evidence-based policy making and global exchange. GLO Fellow Peter Brandner and his independent group DIE WEIS[S]E WIRTSCHAFT has now provided the videos of a series of expert panel events summarizing the core policy areas (i) health, (ii) economics, (iii) education and (iv) migration and integration policy. A number of GLO Fellows including GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann have participated in the analysis. The links to the information and the videos (all in German) are provided below. The videos are just freshly published.

Peter Brandner, Austrian Policy Advisor, University of Vienna and GLO

Die österreichische unabhängige Gruppe DIE WEIS[S]E WIRTSCHAFT macht komplexe Fragen im Sinne evidenzbasierter Politik transparent. Dem diente auch eine Veranstaltungsreihe zum Regierungsprogramm der neuen Österreichischen Regierung mit den Themenbereichen Gesundheit, Wirtschaft, Bildung und Migrations- und Integrationspolitik. Die Videos der Veranstaltungen liegen jetzt vor. Klaus F. Zimmermann, Präsident der Global Labor Organization (GLO), war an der Veranstaltung zur Migrations- und Integrationspolitik im Panel als Akteur beteiligt.

Im Regierungsprogramm 2017-2022 der neuen Österreichischen Regierung ist vieles bloß angedeutet, soll geprüft oder evaluiert werden. Aber auch konkrete Maßnahmen sind erkennbar. In der Veranstaltungsreihe

„Experten bewerten – das Regierungsprogramm auf dem Prüfstand“

organisiert unter der Leitung von GLO Fellow Peter Brandner (Wien) durch

Weis[s]e Wirtschaft

werden wesentliche Politikbereiche aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven kritisch im Lichte evidenzbasierter Politik beleuchtet und diskutiert.

Jetzt wurde das Programm weitgehend durch Videos dokumentiert vorgelegt und auf der Website DIE WEIS[S]E WIRTSCHAFT verfügbar gemacht.

17. Jänner 2018
>> Gesundheitspolitik

29. Jänner 2018
>> Wirtschaftspolitik

14. Februar 2018
>> Bildungspolitik (folgt demnächst)

27. Februar 2018
>> Migrations- und Integrationspolitik
Die Veranstaltung am 27. Februar erfolgte unter Beteiligung von GLO Präsident Klaus F. Zimmermann.

Migrations- und Integrationspolitik im Regierungsprogramm 2017-2022

Der Migrations- und Integrationspanel (von links): GLO Fellow Robert Holzmann, University of New South Wales (Sydney), Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Wien); Ursula Struppe, Dienststellenleiterin Integration und Diversität, Magistratsabteilung 17, Stadt Wien; Andreas Kresbach, Die Weis[s]e Wirtschaft; Klaus F. Zimmermann, Präsident Global Labor Organization (GLO) und Co-Direktor UNU-MERIT, Universität Maastricht; Roland Goiser, Stv. Direktor Österreichischer Integrationsfonds (ÖIF).

Literatur:
Zimmermann, Klaus F., Migrationspolitik im Mediensturm, Wirtschaftspolitische Blätter, 63 (2016), 497-508.
Zimmermann, Klaus F., Evidenzbasierte wissenschaftliche Politikberatung, Journal of Applied Social Science Studies, 134 (2014), 259-270.
Zimmermann, Klaus F., Lobbyisten der Wahrheit, Deutsche Universitätszeitung (DUZ), 3 (2015), 14-15.
Zimmermann, Klaus F., The Core of Global Scientific Policy Advice: op-ed 

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GLO Fellows Stijn Baert & Sunčica Vujić find that volunteering fosters employment

Caring seems to be at odds with the simple model of economic agents as understood by the wider societal audience. However, care taking is a more and more popular field in economic analysis. A recent study in the Journal of Population Economics, the leading academic outlet in the field of population economics, is now establishing a volunteering premium. This implies that not only people care, it also pays to care.

Both authors, Stijn Baert & Sunčica Vujić, are Fellows of the Global Labor Organization (GLO), an international organization that supports academic international exchange and the work of the Journal of Population Economics. The article was just published in the new issue of the Journal of Population Economics, , Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 819–836:

Does it pay to care? Volunteering and employment opportunities

Stijn Baert & Sunčica Vujić

» Abstract   » Full text HTML   » Full text PDF

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00148-017-0682-8

Abstract

The GLO Fellows have investigated whether volunteering has a causal effect on individual employment opportunities. A field experiment is conducted in which volunteering activities are randomly assigned to fictitious job applications sent to genuine vacancies in Belgium. They find that volunteers are 7.3 percentage points more likely to get a positive reaction to job applications. The volunteering premium is higher for females but invariant with respect to the number of engagements.

  • Baert: Ghent University, University of Antwerp, Université Catholique de Louvain, GLO and IZA, Ghent, Belgium

Stijn Baert

  • Vujić: University of Antwerp and University of Bath, Antwerp, Belgium, and GLO

Sunčica Vujić

Journal of Population Economics

Klaus F. Zimmermann; Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Population Economics; President, GLO. The Global Labor Organization (GLO) supports the Journal of Population Economics.

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Re: Compliance with GDPR about GLO “Membership”

Dear GLO Fellow or Affiliate:

You have registered yourself at the GLO website through an own account. To comply with GDPR, we herewith remind you about this.

The information you have provided to us is based on this form: https://glabor.org/join/

The key information from this is provided online visible. You can visit, access and change content through your personal account.

You do NOT receive the GLO News regularly through bulk emails, only if we find something VERY IMPORTANT.

Hence, if you wish to receive the GLO News regularly, you need to register separately for the GLO News. We do not want to flood your email account. If we will create other products of the type, we will request separate registrations.

If urgently needed, we will send general emails to all of you to inform you about important developments.

We use the provided information uniquely to identify you as a member of the network, a user of the website and a potential partner for all our announced network activities. By voluntarily registering the account, you are consenting to the storage and use of your data for GLO purposes.

Such purposes are typically listed at the website and include the bio you are providing, events, the GLO DP series, special journal issues and the cluster activities. We make your data visible and usable for others in our all joint interest. We do not give your data away to others in a different way.

You can unsubscribe from our communications through the link at the bottom of every email. Note, however, that by unsubscribing you may miss important information for you.

Please get in touch with me if there is anything unclear or you need further information: klaus.f.zimmermann@gmail.com

With best wishes

Klaus F. Zimmerman
GLO President

 

 

 

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Re: GLO Compliance with GDPR about GLO “News”

Hello (if you have registered here):

You have registered yourself at the GLO website for receiving GLO News by email. To comply with GDPR, we herewith remind you about this.

You have provided your email address for explicitly this service and we are using it for this purpose only. We hold this information so that you can learn about or participate in GLO activities or learn about the activities of the members and institutions of our network.

We may use your email address in a different context, for instance when you are a GLO Fellow or Affiliate, but then because you have registered separately to become a member.

Since ever, you can always unsubscribe from our communications through the link at the bottom of every email. Note, however, that by unsubscribing you may miss important information for you.

Please get in touch with me if there is anything unclear or you need further information: klaus.f.zimmermann@gmail.com

With best wishes

Klaus F. Zimmermann
GLO President

  

 

 

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EBES 25 in Berlin honors GLO President Zimmermann for his lifetime contributions to the areas of labor, population economics, and migration.

The 25th Conference of the Eurasia Business and Economics Society (EBES)  currently takes place on May 23-25, 2018 in Berlin/Germany. The conference program covers 525 authors from 60 countries of the world with over 300 papers presented. The event is jointly organized with the Global Labor Organization (GLO) and hosted by the FOM University in the Berlin study center. MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE EVENT.

On Wednesday May 23, the EBES Fellow Award 2018 was given to Klaus F. Zimmermann, Professor Emeritus of Bonn University and Honorary Professor of the Free University of Berlin. He is also Co-Director of POP at UNU-MERIT and Honorary Professor at Maastricht University and Honorary Professor at Renmin University of China.

Previous EBES Fellow Award winners  have been Giovanni Dosi (2017) and M. Hashem Pesaran (2016).

The EBES Fellow Award honors an academician for his lifetime contributions to his field. Zimmermann got the award for his outstanding achievements and invaluable contributions to the areas of labor, population economics, and migration. The award was given in an impressive ceremony with a laudation by Professor Marco Vivarelli, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano, Italy in front of over 300 conference participants.

GLO President Zimmermann appreciated the presence of a large number of collaborators, including GLO Fellows Martin Kahanec, Corrado Giulietti, Matloob Piracha, Francesco Pastore, Kea Tijdens, Almas Heshmati, Timan Brück, Milena Nikolova, Olena, Nizalova, Marco Leonardi and Nick Drydakis.

After a long day with a dense academic program, the hundreds of conference participants celebrated with Zimmermann and exchanged their views at the GLO Reception at the fantastic event place Wasserwerk Berlin. Many participants enjoyed the lovely city Berlin until very early in the morning.

 

From the left: Professor Mehmet Huseyin Bilgin, Vice President of EBES, Istanbul Medeniyet University and GLO; Klaus F. Zimmermann; Professor Marco Vivarelli, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano, and GLO.

Zimmermann in front of the Wasserwerk Berlin.

Image result for Bilder Wasserwerk Berlin

Wasserwerk Berlin

 

 

Ends;

FOM University and GLO: GLO Fellow Alexander Spermann (Freiburg University) Appointed Professor of Economics at FOM Cologne

Alexander Spermann (University of Freiburg) and prominent German policy advisor, has accepted a position at FOM University Cologne. He was appointed Professor of Economics on May 16, 2018 in a festive ceremony  by FOM Vice-Chancellor Professor Ingrid Eumann at the FOM Cologne Study Center. Spermann will keep his affiliation with the University of Freiburg.

Alexander Spermann is also Fellow of the  Global Labor Organization (GLO). GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University and Bonn University) participated at the appointment ceremony. Zimmermann and Spermann worked together for many years during their tenure at the Bonn – based IZA Institute as Director and Policy Director and published together on minimum wages and the role of unions at the time of digitization.

Professor Alexander Spermann (FOM Cologne, University of Freiburg and GLO) & FOM Vice-Chancellor Professor Ingrid Eumann

The appointment of Professor Spermann deepens the relationship between GLO and FOM. Among others, FOM University Berlin hosts the forthcoming large EBES 25 & GLO congress in Berlin on May 23-25, 2018. FOM University runs 29 study centers all over in Germany and is also very active in China. FOM and GLO prepare a forthcoming conference on climate change in Hong Kong in October 2018.

GLO – President Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht & Bonn Universities) participating at the appointment ceremony in Cologne on May 16, 2018.

Ends;

 

GLO joined with global scholars to convene at Yale for the advances of the world’s largest health system

Over 200 researchers and health leaders gathered at Yale University on May 11-13, 2018 for the second biennial conference of the China Health Policy and Management Society (CHPAMS), focusing on advances in health policy and health care in China and the United States. The event was co-sponsored by the Yale School of Public Health, Yale Macmillan Center, China Medical Board, Global Labor Organization (GLO), among others.

The three-day conference featured 7 keynote speeches, 3 roundtables, and 140 talks by health experts from China and the US on a wide range of topics. In addition, CHPAMS also celebrated its 10th birthday and vowed to continue its mission of promoting public health research and practice on China, the largest health system in the world, in the next 10 years.

 

Health and labor economics studies have emphasized health as a fundamental object of choice and together with schooling as two most important components of the stock of human capital. Revolving around this consensus, leading authorities in health economics and labor economics delivered keynote talks.

Michael Grossman, Director of Health Economics Program at the U.S. National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), summarized health economics research at the Bureau and its implications for China. Grossman advised Chinese policymakers that policies to regulate e-cigs and reduce use may increase smoking and increase weight gain by successful quitters and that crackdowns on use of marijuana may exacerbate the opioid epidemic.

 

GLO Fellow Paul Schultz, the Malcolm K. Brachman Professor Emeritus in Economics and former Director of Economic Growth Center at Yale University, spoke on the challenges both high- and low-income countries face in achieving health equity, even with national health systems in place.

 

Two GLO special sessions were organized by GLO Fellow Dr.  Xi Chen of Yale University in his capacity as the GLO Cluster Lead of the “Environment and Human Capital in Developing Countries” program.

 

GLO Special Session I: Environment, Smoking and Population Health (Chair: Ce Shang, University of Illinois at Chicago)
Something in the Pipe: Flint Water Crisis and Health at Birth
Rui Wang                 Tulane University
Smoking and cigarette pack size: evidence from 75 countries from 2007 to 2014
Kai-Wen Cheng       University of Illinois at Chicago
What affects pregnant women expose to secondhand smoke: a cross-sectional study in the border and minority urban areas of northwest China
Jiangyun Chen         Huazhong  University of Science and Technology
R24 proposal to build a consortium on trans-disciplinary public health law research (PHLR), education, prevention of substance use disorders in Colorado
Qing Li                      University of Colorado Denver, San Diego State University

GLO Special Session II: Air Pollution (Chair: Zheng Li, US CDC/ATSDR)
Air Pollution and Lung Cancer Mortality: Evidence from a Natural Experiment
Qing Han                  The University of Kansas
What Happens in the Womb under the Dome: The Impact of Air Pollution on Birth Outcomes
Xiaoying Liu           University of Pennsylvania
Maternal Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Childhood Overweight and Obesity: A Prospective Birth Cohort Study in Wuhan, China
Shaoping Yang       Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Maternal Exposure to Air Pollution and Risk of Neural Tube Defects
Jinzhu Zhao             Huazhong University of Science and Technology

 

NEWS ARTICLE

The link below leads to the Yale News article on the conference.
Improving the World’s Largest Health System—Scholars Convene at YSPH to Plan for Future

FULL PROGRAM

CHPAMS Yale Conference Program Book

THE ORGANIZER

 

Xi Chen, Yale University and GLO. He is the GLO Cluster Lead of “Environment and Human Capital in Developing Countries” and the incoming President of CHPAMS.

 

 

 

Ends;

Update: Full Program for the 25th EBES conference at FOM University in Berlin on May 23-25, 2018. Christoph Kannengießer (CEO, German African Business Association) speaks on Africa Panel. GLO RECEPTION in the Wasserwerk.

The 25th Conference of the Eurasia Business and Economics Society (EBES) will take place on May 23-25, 2018 in Berlin/Germany. It is jointly organized with the Global Labor Organization (GLO) and hosted by the FOM University in their Berlin study center.

THE FULL CONFERENCE PROGRAM CAN BE ACCESSED HERE.

On May 23, 2018 four GLO events will contribute to the success of the 25th EBES conference in Berlin:

9.00 – 10.50 am: GLO Policy Panel on: “Mobilizing Human Resources in Africa”

13.30 – 15.30 pm: GLO Research Paper Session  on: “Wellbeing”

15.40 – 17.40 pm: GLO “Thematic Research Cluster” Session

19.30 – 22.30 pm: GLO Reception (Wasserwerk · Hohenzollerndamm 208 · 10713 Berlin)

Highlight

One highlight of the first day will be a presentation of Christoph Kannengießer (CEO, German African Business Association) on the Africa Panel of the conference. See for more information: German-African Business Association   Association Website

Christoph Kannengießer has been CEO of the Afrika-Verein der deutschen Wirtschaft e.V. (German-African Business Association) since June 2012. He studied law and political science in Bonn and Munich and holds a Master´s Degree in Law from the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Bonn where he worked as a research assistant at the Chair of Public Law. Since 1995 he is registered as Attorney-at-law. In the course of his career in major German business associations, Christoph Kannengießer held leading positions at the DIHK, the Association of German Chambers of Industry and Commerce, the BDA, the Confederation of German Employers’ Associations (Managing Director for Labour Market Policy) and at the Markenverband (German Brands Association), where he served as CEO. From 2004 to 2007 he served as Deputy Secretary General of the Konrad-Adenauer-Foundation, a leading political think tank with a broad international network i.a. on the African continent.

May 23, 2018: 9.00 – 10.50 am

Policy Panel on: “Mobilizing Human Resources in Africa”

Christoph Kannengießer (CEO, German African Business Association): German Business in Africa – Challenges for Employment Creation

Ernest Ngeh Tingum (University of Cape Town, South Africa): A research agenda for trade developments in Africa

Martin Kahanec (Central European University, Budapest, Hungary) with Martin Guzi (Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic): A research agenda concerning subjective and objective evaluations of living wages in Africa

Kea Tijdens (University of Amsterdam, Netherlands, and WageIndicator Foundation): A research agenda focussing on informal labour markets in Africa

Tilman Brück (International Security and Development Center, Berlin, Germany and London School of Economics, UK): Employment Creation and Peace Building

Almas Heshmati (Jönköping International Business School, Sweden, and Sogang University, South Korea; GLO Cluster Lead Africa): GLO Thematic Cluster on Labor Markets in Africa

SESSION CHAIR: Kea Tijdens (University of Amsterdam, Netherlands, and WageIndicator Foundation) and Christoph Kannengießer (CEO, German African Business Association)

Abstracts:

KANNENGIESSER: He will report on the extent to which German companies are currently involved on the African continent regarding trade, foreign direct investment (FDI) and job creation. He will characterize the essential conditions for more international and in particular German economic engagement on the continent, especially with regard to the creation of more local employment.

TINGUM: Micro data of the Regional Program Enterprise Development for Cameroon’s manufacturing firms in 2009 reveal that most firms were technically inefficient, but that firms in the food processing sector, followed by wood and furniture were most efficient. Firms with 5 to 20 years of operation experience were found to be more efficient. Results show that a higher level of efficiency, firm size, foreign ownership, lower tax rates, producing in the industrial zone, and being in the food processing and textile sectors are the major determinants of the propensity to export and for the decision to export or not. The policy recommendation is that, there is still room for technical efficiency improvements with existing firm technologies. In the near future, however, new technologies must be introduced to sustain higher efficiency levels and reduce related production costs. More so, in order to promote efficiency and export performance, polices should be designed at attracting FDIs more especially in the food processing and textile sectors. Follow-up research is urgently needed, for Cameroon and other African countries. (See Ngeh Ernest Tingum (2014) Technical Efficiency and Manufacturing Export Performance in Cameroon, A Firm Level Analysis, Ph.D. (Economics) Dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.)

KAHANEC with GUZI: Living wages are increasingly used to assess the economic adequacy of legal minimum wages. Different approaches have been developed to estimate the cost of living for a family of a particular size across countries. In this paper the calculated living costs are contrasted with the subjective measures of minimum family income necessary to secure a decency. The aim of this effort is to understand that the subjective and objective evaluations of living wages have direct relevance to the concerns of societies and individuals. Data from different sources are put together (including available national surveys and WageIndicator Cost of Living surveys that include question on minimum family income) to gather information for the number of African countries. The calculated living costs are obtained from the reports of Global Living Wage Coalition and WageIndicator that estimate the living wages in developing countries. In addition to informing policy, this research will show that living wages provide a meaningful metric of economic adequacy that reflects the needs of workers and their cost of living.

TIJDENS: In recent decades, the informal economy has evoked considerable interest from researchers, aiming to estimate and explain its size in developing countries. Over the years a variety of views on informality have proliferated and the range of indicators has been broadened accordingly, as can be grasped from ILO, IMF and World Bank publications. The topics of discussion focus around the status of micro-entrepreneurs, informal or unregistered workers in formal enterprises, and in/exclusion from the benefits and rights incorporated in labour laws and social security systems. The plurality of views tends to collide with the limited possibilities to empirically test the dimensions suggested, often resulting in a return to simple dichotomies. Based on merged data of comparable face-to-face surveys sampled from national establishment registers in nine countries: Benin, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal and Togo (2006-2014) the authors developed an index for job-based informality: an 11-point interval scale, ranging from 0=very informal to 10=very formal, based on employment status, agreed working hours, earnings in cash or in kind, and contribution and entitlement to social security. Working in a small establishment is the most important factor determining a low score on the index, and so are workers in trade, transport and hospitality, and having a low education. The more informal workers are, the lower their wages, and the more they are working more than 48 hours. A research agenda for Africa should include detailed empirical measurement and analysis of the multi-dimensional concepts of informal work, to underpin policies related to formality in labour markets. (See Tijdens KG, Besamusca J, Van Klaveren M (2015) Workers and labour market outcomes of informal jobs in formal enterprises. A job-based informality index for nine sub-Saharan African countries, European Journal of Development Research, 1 – 19, doi: 10.1057/ejdr.2014.73)

BRÜCK: An increasing share of the poorest people in the world live under the shadow of violent conflict, weak institutions or humanitarian emergencies, in particular in Africa. Their behavior and welfare and the means to support these people effectively is not very well understood academically, in part as a result of the poor availability of data in this field. Recent advances in this field have focused on understanding the impact of conflict on human capital, analyzing how employment and entrepreneurship can contribute to peacebuilding, learning about the interactions between conflict and migration, and the development of tools of conduct rigorous impact evaluations in conflict and fragile Areas. The contribution in this panel will will focus on the lessons this research can provide for policymaking in Africa.

HESHMATI: The African economy is growing fast. The change is a result of the continents development, relocation of production, industrial development and service sectors expansion. The continent is facing a number interrelated challenges. This include the pressing issues related to labor market, human resources, environment, and population in an African context. The recent World Bank advances in household, firm, industry and national level data collections have enabled a new interest in development economics research. The focus of this cluster is on: the mobility of labor within and across countries; the labor market reforms, work conditions and rights of workers; the job market training programs and their evaluations; school-to-work transition and youth unemployment; trends in income, assets and education inequality and multidimensional poverty; discrimination and women’s participation in the labor market; urban-rural migration and infrastructure investments; entrepreneurship; environment, sustainable development and labor market policy; health, happiness, social policy and well-being; and labor market implications of growing population and ageing. This GLO Cluster includes studies using policies and their evaluations with regard to the emerging and the developing economies in Africa.

May 23, 2018: 13.30 – 15.30 pm

GLO Research Paper Session  on: “Wellbeing”

Almas Heshmati (Jönköping International Business School, Sweden, and Sogang University, South Korea) with Masoomeh Rashidghalam and Pia Nilsson: Measurement and Analysis of Multidimensional Well-being in Rwanda

Olena Nizalova (University of Kent, UK) with Olga Nikolaieva, Jonas Voßemer, Michael Gebel and Katerina Gousia: Youths’ experiences of labor market shocks and late life well-being and health

Milena Nikolova (University of Groningen) with Boris Nikolaev: Family Matters: Involuntary Parental Unemployment During Childhood and Subjective Well-being Later in Life

Corrado Giulietti (University of Southampton): Migration and Wellbeing in the UK

Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT) with John Haisken-DeNew: The New Australian Work Life After the Refugee Camp

Francesco Pastore (University of Napoli): Working But Watching Every Penny? Working Poverty and School Dropout in Mongolia

SESSION CHAIR: Milena Nikolova (University of Groningen) and Matloob Piracha (University of Kent)

Abstracts

HESHMATI: The well-being of families and their children is given high priority in development goals. Children’s well-being in Africa is important since the growing number of children is the greatest resource of this continent. Rwanda was one of the first countries that ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The country, despite its very low GDP per capita, also has one of the best child well-being indicators in Africa. In the recent past the country has also had two important achievements: protection of children by establishing the National Commission for Children and launching a Strategy for National Child Care Reform. The measures aim to protect children’s rights and integrate children into families that are supported to provide needed care to them. These achievements are largely the result of strong laws and policies many of which have been developed with support from UNICEF. Investments in children’s well-being will help in addressing many persistent difficulties that society may have to face in the future. What happens during the early years is of crucial importance for every child’s development. This period offers great opportunities, but children are also vulnerable to negative influences. The objective of this research is to estimate multidimensional well-being of children and their families in Rwanda. The aim is to compute an overall well-being index decomposed into its underlying main components. The households are ranked by the level of well-being and by various household and community characteristics. The results shed light on the state and changes in the well-being of children and their families in Rwanda indicating which provinces and districts offer relatively better conditions for them. This can serve as a model for public policies aimed at improving general well-being in the country.

NIZALOVA: Since the start of the Great Recession many European countries have been witnessing unprecedented growth in unemployment rate, with youth being hit the hardest. This trend has raised concerns about the long-term consequences of unemployment and labour market insecurity while young on various outcomes. This paper exploits a unique opportunity provided by the retrospective module of the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe to investigate the impact of unemployment experienced at young age on wellbeing and health at age 50 and beyond. Employing random coefficients modelling we find that labor market shocks from layoffs and plant closures have negative long-lasting consequences in terms of people’s health and wellbeing. Moreover, in case of the wellbeing, there is not only a downward shift of the entire wellbeing-age trajectory, but also an alteration in its shape. We do not find evidence in support of the hypothesis that individual response to labor market shocks differs by country.

NIKOLOVA with NIKOLAEV: This paper is the first to study how unexpected and involuntary parental unemployment experienced during childhood affects adult life satisfaction in Germany. Using household panel data linking parents and children and information on exogenous parental job loss due to company closures, we find that children whose parents were jobless have lower life satisfaction at ages 18-31 if the unemployment occurred when the child was 11-15 years old and if the father—rather than the mother—became unemployed at those ages. The life satisfaction penalty from parental unemployment experienced at ages 11-15 is also more pronounced among males, non-first born children, and those living in West Germany. Maternal unemployment during childhood is particularly harmful for young adults’ well-being if it occurred when the child was 0-5 years old and is entirely driven by those living in East Germany. Nevertheless, parental unemployment during childhood can also be positive for young adults’ life satisfaction, depending on the age at which it occurred and the child’s gender. Our results are independent of the local unemployment conditions and individual and family characteristics when growing up and are robust to controlling for parental job loss expectations. Adopting a life course perspective of family unemployment demonstrates that the intergenerational psychological costs of unemployment are more nuanced than previously thought. Such information can be important to policymakers when designing the timing of unemployment relief programs.

GIULIETTI: In this paper, we study the effects of immigration on the well-being of the UK native population. We use data from the British Household Panel Survey and the UK Household Longitudinal Study to empirically assess the impact of immigration on life satisfaction. Subsequently, we explore whether the impact of immigration varies depending on the geographical level considered, the characteristics of natives and on the type of immigrants. In the final part of the analysis, we assess the various dimensions of life satisfaction and explore the potential channels at work.

ZIMMERMANN with HAISKEN-DENEW: The world has recently seen a strong rise in refugee migration causing stricter reception policies in traditional immigration countries such as Australia in 2013. In the public debate, refugee and detention camps have played a very controversial role, in particular in the Australian case. The paper uses unique Australian panel data for 2013 – 2016 of (recognized) refugees to examine the effects such camps have on the employment success and wellbeing of the forced migrants. The data exhibits a slow labor market integration process only. The experience of camps has positive employment effects and there are no measurable mental health consequences.

PASTORE: This essay aims to study the determinants of working poverty at an individual level in Mongolia, one of the 50 poorest countries of the world. Working poverty means working for a salary that is below the poverty line. Our focus is on school dropout and family background, which is allowed by the type of data used, a school-to-work transition survey carried out by the ILO over a sample of young people aged 15 through 29 years.

May 23, 2018: 15.40 – 17.40 pm

GLO Thematic Research Cluster Session

Marco Leonardi (University of Milan): Labor Reform Policies and Italy After the Elections

Martin Kahanec (Central European University): Labor Mobility in the EU

Nick Drydakis (Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK): Gender, Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation and Labor Market Outcomes

Corrado Giulietti (University of Southampton): The Chinese Labor Market

Francesco Pastore (University of Napoli): School-to-Work Transition

Marco Vivarelli (Catholic University of Milan): Technological Change and the Labor Market: Employment, Skills, and Wages

Almas Heshmati (Jönköping International Business School, Sweden, and Sogang University, South Korea): Green Employment Creation

Tilman Brück (International Security and Development Center, Berlin, Germany and London School of Economics, UK):  Labor in Conflict, Fragile and Emergency Areas

SESSION CHAIR: Corrado Giulietti (University of Southampton) and Matloob Piracha (University of Kent)

Abstracts

LEONARDI: The GLO Cluster Labor Reform Policies focuses on reviewing and comparing the impacts of labor market reforms across countries. Many countries have had different labor market reforms across time. Germany in the year 2000s and much later Spain, France and Italy. Labor market reforms cover different dimensions: employment protection legislation, unemployment benefits, short time work, active labor market policies and wage bargaining. Each reform has a specific impact that can be evaluated using econometric methods in partial equilibrium. However, when countries try to learn from each other the best practice of reforms, the attention shifts to the political economy of reforms: the overall impact on the economy and the judgment on the political feasibility of reforms. More broadly, this GLO Cluster includes both studies using policy evaluation methods and studies which tackle the political economy of reforms in EU countries with the purpose of providing academic and policy makers with a large spectrum of reviews of the existing literature and of comparisons across countries. The presentation at the conference will have a special focus on the situation of labor market reforms after the Italian election.

KAHANEC: The consecutive enlargements of the EU, most recently including 11 countries from Central Eastern Europe and Cyprus and Malta (2004, 2007, 2013), have extended the freedom of movement to workers from 28 EU member states and a population of more than half a billion. In spite of the documented overwhelmingly positive effects of EU mobility, the perceptions of and attitudes to EU mobility have become increasingly polarized, which may have contributed to UK’s decision to leave the EU. The GLO Cluster EU Mobility focuses on causes and impacts of EU mobility on receiving as well as sending labor markets, and migrants themselves. Some of the key focus topics include EU mobility’s impacts on employment and wages, productivity and innovation, public budgets, labor supply and employment prospects of those left behind, remittances and brain drain, and perceptions of and attitudes to EU mobility. This Cluster has the ambition to generate rigorously scrutinized evidence on these topics and by doing so enable key stakeholders and policy makers to make informed decisions about EU mobility frameworks to the benefit of EU citizens.

DRYDAKIS: The GLO Cluster Gender, Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation and Labor Market Outcomes focuses on the state of being man or woman (gender), which is typically used with reference to masculinity vs femininity rather than sex, the internal and personal conception of oneself as man or woman (gender identity), and sexual preferences (sexual orientation) and their effects on wages, employment levels, occupational sorting, and workplace evaluations.

What is seen as gender-appropriate can change over time, and gender assumptions are interpolated by cultural, historical and regional location. The combined effects of sex equality, feminism and the gay movement have challenged the conception of gender related issues. This GLO Cluster includes studies on gender characteristics, stereotypes and deviations, trans identities, sexual orientation minorities and labor market outcomes. This GLO Cluster aims to provide evaluations of labor and organizational initiatives, practices and policies aiming at a higher degree of knowledge and inclusion for gender, gender identity and sexual orientation expressions.

Despite the enactment, in English speaking countries and the EU, of labor legislation against discrimination in the labor market based on sexual orientation and gender identity, LGBTI people continue to experience occupational access constraints, lower job satisfaction, wage discrimination, and more bullying and harassment than their heterosexual counterparts. In general, the dearth of studies makes it difficult to examine how education, occupation, industrial relations, region, core socio-economic characteristics, personality and mental health traits moderate the relationship between sexual orientation and labor market outcomes. In addition, quantitative research on employment outcomes is scarce for trans people. The interaction between trans identity, and sexual orientation, and the effects of this on employment outcomes is under-examined. Whether explicit, legislative employment protection against discrimination on the ground of a trans identity has an effect on employment outcomes has also received little attention.

GLO cluster on Gender, Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation and Labor Market Outcomes handles empirical studies on labor economics which have a clear and highlighted added value, and solid policy implications, on the following areas:

◾Testing, in under-examined geographical regions, for wage discrimination based on sexual orientation.

◾Empirically testing and disentangling the forms of employment discrimination (i.e. prejudice-based, and/or statistical discrimination) against LGBTI people.

◾Examining the relationship between sexual orientation, personality characteristics, mental health and employment outcomes.

◾Assessing how moderators (i.e. human capital, educational choices, occupations, family structure, industrial relations etc.) affect the relationship between sexual orientation and labor market outcomes.

◾Testing the relationship between sexual orientation, past/present victimization and labor market outcomes.

◾Quantifying the relationship between sexual orientation and job satisfaction.

◾Evaluating the impact of the legal recognition of same-sex couples on labor market outcomes.

◾Evaluating the impact of employment legislation against sexual orientation and trans identity discrimination on labor market outcomes.

◾Quantifying employment bias against trans people.

◾Examining the interaction between transidentities, sexual orientation and labor market outcomes.

 GIULIETTI: The GLO Cluster on the Chinese Labor Market aims at developing a research agenda around major challenges that China is currently facing, such as: rural-urban migration, structural changes in the labor force, rising income inequality, segmentation and labor market discrimination, labor market policy. At a broader level, this cluster aims at generating evidence-based policy advice for Chinese policymakers and for stakeholders interested in the Chinese labor market.

PASTORE: The GLO Cluster School-to-Work Transition will address economic and policy issues related to the school-to-work transition (SWT). A SWT regime denotes the set of institutions and rules that govern and supervise the passage of young people from school to adulthood. They include the degree of regulation and flexibility of the labour market, but also of the educational and training systems and the provision of employment services (placement and training) to help young people finding a job more easily. The household is also part of the regime, by providing, for instance, financial support during the entire transition and a cushion against the risk of unemployment. The role assigned to each institution within a regime is different from one country to another, so that different SWT regimes can be identified in the world.

VIVARELLI: The link between innovation and employment is both a classical and controversial issue, recently revived by the rapid diffusion of AI and robots in manufacturing and service sectors. This issue will be investigated theoretically and empirically, using both aggregate and microeconometric analyses. However, technological and structural change not only imply an impact on the employment levels, but also involve deep transformations in the skill and wage structure. These effects – which may also directly affect income distribution – will be studied at the national, sectoral, firm and individual level. These topics are treated with regard to the industrialized, the emerging and the developing economies.

HESHMATI: Green and circular economies are increasingly used in transition to sustainable development through increased use of renewable energy, pollution reduction measures, waste management and reuse and recycling of material. Investment in these areas are expected to influence both directly and indirectly the labor market. The literature on the ties between investment in sustainable development and employment creating development planning and policy that make sustainability a practical reality is receiving more attention. This GLO cluster covers research on the relationship between the green economy and green jobs and related areas. These include but not limited to green entrepreneurship, green taxes and regulations, green investment, green innovations, and matching education system and sustainability structures, how they are related and what their main determinants are.

BRÜCK: The Cluster focuses on the economics of labor supply and demand and the functioning of labor markets in areas of extreme uncertainty and weak institutions. An increasing share of the poorest people in the world live under the shadow of violent conflict, weak institutions or humanitarian emergencies. Their behavior and welfare and the means to support these people effectively is not very well understood academically, in part as a result of the poor availability of data in this field. Recent advances in this field have focused on understanding the impact of conflict on human capital, analyzing how employment and entrepreneurship can contribute to peacebuilding, learning about the interactions between conflict and migration, and the development of tools of conduct rigorous impact evaluations in conflict and fragile Areas. The GLO Cluster will support efforts to improve data collection and analysis in areas affected by conflict, suffering from weak governance or from humanitarian emergencies, bringing together academic researchers and practitioners from national governments, international organizations and NGOs.

 

 

GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ends;

GLO NEWS: Journal of Population Economics, Volume 31 Number 3, now available online!

The Global Labor Organization (GLO) supports the Journal of Population Economics.

We are pleased to distribute the new table of contents alert for Journal of Population Economics, Volume 31 Number 3 in 2018, which is now available online.

Important news

Free Access to the Lead Article

Enjoy 6 weeks free access to first paper in current issue
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In this issue

Original Paper

The intergenerational education spillovers of pension reform in China

Cheng Yuan, Chengjian Li & Lauren A. Johnston

FREE ACCESS FOR  SIX WEEKS!

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Original Paper

Private versus public old-age security

Richard C. Barnett, Joydeep Bhattacharya & Mikko Puhakka

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Original Paper

Parental retirement timing: the role of unanticipated events in the lives of adult children

Marina Miller, Christopher R. Tamborini & Gayle L. Reznik

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Original Paper

Why are fewer married women joining the work force in rural India? A decomposition analysis over two decades

Farzana Afridi, Taryn Dinkelman & Kanika Mahajan

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Original Paper

Does it pay to care? Volunteering and employment opportunities

Stijn Baert & Sunčica Vujić

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Original Paper

Informal search, bad search?: the effects of job search method on wages among rural migrants in urban China

Yuanyuan Chen, Le Wang & Min Zhang

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Original Paper

Social networks and the labour market mismatch

Eleni Kalfa & Matloob Piracha

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Original Paper

The effect of female education on marital matches and child health in Bangladesh

Youjin Hahn, Kanti Nuzhat & Hee-Seung Yang

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Original Paper

The long-term effects of mistimed pregnancy on children’s education and employment

Cuong Viet Nguyen

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Original Paper

The long-term effect of childhood poverty

Rune V. Lesner

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Journal of Population Economics

 

 

 

 

 

Ends;

GLO Discussion Papers April 2018 & Discussion Paper of the Month

Titles and free access/links to GLO Discussion Papers

GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion. Provided in cooperation with EconStor, a service of the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, GLO Discussion Papers are among others listed in RePEc (see IDEAS, EconPapers). Complete list of all GLO DPs downloadable for free.

Discussion Paper of the Month: April

Djankov, Simeon & Nikolova, Elena, Communism as the Unhappy Coming, GLO Discussion Paper No. 192, April 2018. Free download.

Abstract:  We show that Eastern Orthodox believers are less happy compared to those of Catholic and Protestant faith using data covering more than 100 countries around the world. Consistent with the happiness results, we also find that relative to Catholics, Protestants and non-believers, those of Eastern Orthodox religion have less social capital and prefer old ideas and safe jobs. In addition, Orthodoxy is associated with left-leaning political preferences and stronger support for government involvement in the economy. Compared to non-believers and Orthodox adherents, Catholics and Protestants are less likely to agree that government ownership is a good thing, and Protestants are less likely to agree that getting rich can only happen at the expense of others. These differences in life satisfaction and other attitudes and values persisted despite the fact that communist elites sought to eradicate church-going in Eastern Europe, since communists maintained many aspects of Orthodox theology which were useful for the advancement of the communist doctrine. The findings are consistent with Berdyaev’s (1933, 1937) hypothesis of communism as a successor of Orthodoxy.

GLO Discussion Papers of April 2018

207 How valid are synthetic panel estimates of poverty dynamics? – Download PDF
by Hérault, Nicolas & Jenkins, Stephen P.

206 Selective immigration policies, occupational licensing, and the quality of migrants’ education-occupation match – Download PDF
by Tani, Massimiliano

205 Long-Term Relatedness between Countries and International Migrant Selection – Download PDF
by Krieger, Tim & Renner, Laura & Ruhose, Jens

204 The Power of the Government: China’s Family Planning Leading. Group and the Fertility Decline since 1970 – Download PDF
by Chen, Yi & Huang, Yingfei

203 Impact of delivering iron-fortified salt through a school feeding program on child health, education and cognition: Evidence from a randomized controlled trial in rural India – Download PDF
by Krämer, Marion & Kumar, Santosh & Vollmer, Sebastian

202 And Thou Shalt Honor: children’s caregiving, work and religion – Download PDF
by Mazzotta, Fernanda & Bettio, Francesca & Zigante, Valentina

201 To Impute or Not to Impute? A Review of Alternative Poverty Estimation Methods in the Context of Unavailable Consumption Data – Download PDF
by Dang, Hai-Anh H.

200 From Elitist to Sustainable Earnings: Is there a group legitimacy in financial flows? – Download PDF
by Charles, Aurelie & Vujić, Sunčica

199 Hours Worked of the Self-Employed and Agglomeration – Download PDF
by Cai, Zhengyu

198 A Tale of Two Tracks – Download PDF
by Asali, Muhammad

197 Growth Dynamics of Young Small Firms: Evidence from Tunisia – Download PDF
by Arouri, Hassan & Ben Youssef, Adel & Quatraro, Francesco & Vivarelli, Marco

196 Immigrant Category of Admission and the Earnings of Adults and Children: How far does the Apple Fall? – Download PDF
by Warman, Casey & Webb, Matthew D. & Worswick, Christopher

195 The Effects of Foreign Aid on Refugee Flows – Download PDF
by Dreher, Axel & Fuchs, Andreas & Langlotz, Sarah

194 Will Urban Migrants Formally Insure their Rural Relatives? Family Networks and Rainfall Index Insurance in Burkina Faso – Download PDF
by Kazianga, Harounan & Wahhaj, Zaki

193 The Impact of Compulsory Education on Employment and Earnings in a Transition Economy – Download PDF
by Liwiński, Jacek

192 Communism as the Unhappy Coming – Download PDF
by Djankov, Simeon & Nikolova, Elena

191 Towards a European Full Employment Policy – Download PDF
by Ritzen, Jo & Zimmermann, Klaus F.

 

Successful GLO team:

GLO Managing Director Matloob Piracha (University of Kent, right) and GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University and Bonn University, left).

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New Research Shows: Small, Young Companies are Driving Job Creation – Also in Tunisia

Due to its huge relevance, the relationship between firm size, firm growth and firm job creation is heavily debated in the industrial organization literature. A core theorem in this context has been Gibrat’s law suggesting that the proportional rate of growth of a firm is independent of its absolute size (Gibrat, 1931). However,  the existing studies (mostly for developed countries) are rejecting Gibrat’s law by finding that smaller and younger firms grow more than larger and older ones.

In a new Discussion Paper of the Global Labor Organization (GLO), Hassan Arouri, Adel Ben Youssef, Francesco Quatraro and Marco Vivarelli show that this result is also found in the development context using data for Tunisia. The implication again is that small and young companies drive job creation, suggesting priority for those firms for receiving  public  support.

Hassan Arouri is associated  with the National Institute of Statistics, Tunisia.
Adel Ben Youssef is associated  with the University of Nice Sophia, Antipolis and GREDEG-CNRS, France.
Francesco Quatraro is associated  with the University of Torino and Collegio Carlo Alberto, Torino, Italy.
GLO Fellow Marco Vivarelli is associated  with the Universita’ Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano, Italy.

Hassan Arouri, Adel Ben Youssef, Francesco Quatraro & Marco Vivarelli, Growth Dynamics of Young Small Firms: Evidence from Tunisia, GLO Discussion Paper No. 197.  FREE DOWNLOAD: Download PDF

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper is to investigate the growth dynamics of young small firms (in contrast with  larger  and  older  incumbents)  in  a  developing  country  context,  using  a  unique  and comprehensive  dataset  of  non-agricultural  Tunisian  companies.  Our  results  suggest  that significant differences between  young and mature firms can be found as far as the drivers of their growth  are  concerned.  The  key  finding  being  that -while  consistently  with  the  extant literature  Gibrat’s  law  is  overall  rejected -the  negative  impact  of  the  initial  size  is significantly   larger   for   young   than   mature   firms.   This   result   has   interesting   policy implications: since smaller young firms are particularly conducive to employment generation, they  can  be  considered  good  candidate  for  targeted  accompanying  policies  addressed  to sustain their post-entry growth.

Titles and free access to all GLO Discussion Papers

GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion. Provided in cooperation with EconStor, a service of the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, GLO Discussion Papers are among others listed in RePEc (see IDEAS, EconPapers).

Complete list of all GLO DPs downloadable for free.

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Reminder: Four GLO Supported Scientific Events in May

The Global Labor Organization (GLO) supports events and international collaborations. In May a few interesting conferences will take place involving a larger number of GLO Fellows. Here are some links as a reminder:

  • Bucharest on May 10-11, 2018. 4th International Conference on “Recent Advances in Economic and Social Research organized by the Institute for Economic Forecasting and the Romanian Academy. (Paper submission still possible until May 2.)
  • Yale University on May 11-13, 2018. This is the 2nd biennial meeting of the China Health Policy and Management Society (CHPAMS). The topic is Advances in Health Policy and Healthcare: The Road Ahead, with a special focus on Healthy China 2030 national blueprint and two special GLO sessions.
  • Paris on May 23-24, 2018. The Second Meeting of the Society of the Economics of the HOusehold (SEHO) is held at the Paris School of Economics.
  • Berlin on May 23-25, 2018. 25th Conference of the Eurasia Business  and Economics Society (EBES) is jointly organized with GLO and hosted by the FOM University in their Berlin study center.

 

 

 

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Book Series “Population Economics”: Contributions Invited

The Editors of the Journal of Population Economics are also editing the Springer book series in “Population Economics”. Researchers working on human resources issues are invited to send book proposals to the publisher at Springer, Martina Nolte-Bohres (Martina.Nolte-Bohres@springer.com). The Global Labor Organization (GLO) supports the Journal of Population Economics.

 

Population Economics

Editor-in-Chief: Klaus F. Zimmermann
Editors: Alessandro Cigno, Erdal Tekin, Junsen Zhang
Managing Editor: Michaella Vanore

 

 

 

  • Covers pressing topics of our time, such as migration, population aging, employment,health, and economic growth
  • The series is useful as handbooks for policymakers as weil as for students and teachers of graduate and postgraduate courses
  • Treats both theoretical and empirical aspects
  • Written by the leading scholars in the field, employing the latest research methodologies

Research on population economics deals with some of the most pertinent issues of our time and, as such, is of interest to academics and policymakers alike. Like the Journal of Population Economics, the book series “Population Economics” addresses a wide range of theoretical and empirical topics related to all areas of the economics of population, household, and human resources. Books in the series comprise work that closely examines special topics related to population economics, incorporating the most recent developments in the field and the latest research methodologies. Micro-level investigations include topics related to individual, household or family behavior, such as migration, aging, household formation, marriage, divorce, fertility choices, labor supply, health, and risky behavior. Macro-level inquiries examine topics such as economic growth with exogenous or endogenous population evolution, population policy, savings and pensions, social security, housing, and healthcare. These and other topics related to the relationship between population dynamics and public choice, economic approaches to human biology, and the impact of population on income and wealth distributions have important individual, social, and institutional consequences, and their scientific examination informs both economic theory and public policy.

Keywords:  >Population Economics > Household and Family Economics > Labour Economics >Human Resources >Migration Economics

Recently published books:

A. Yakita: Population Aging, Fertility and Social Security

C. Diebolt, F. Perrin: Understanding Demographie Transitions. An Overview of French Historical Statistics

A. Artal-Tur, G. Peri, F. Requena-Silvente (Eds.): The Socio-Economic Impact of Migration Flows Effects on Trade, Remittances, Output, and the Labour Market

 

 

 

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New GLO Discussion Paper: Selective Labor Immigration Policies Matter in Canada

Europe is discussing how to improve the labor market performance of economic migrants and their integration chances. The Canadian immigration system is often seen as a model case. Is there an earnings benefit depending on the selection channel under the economic classe? In a new Discussion Paper of the Global Labor Organization (GLO), Casey Warman, Matthew D. Webb and Christopher Worswick provide strong empirical evidence that selection matters. Using Canadian data sources they find that relative to the Family Class, the Adult Arrivals in the Skilled Worker category have earnings that are 29% higher for men and 38% higher for women.  Child Arrival immigrants landing in the Skilled Worker Class have similar earnings advantages.

GLO Fellow Casey Warman is associated with the Department of Economics, Dalhousie University and NBER.

GLO Fellow Matthew D. Webb is associated with the Department of Economics, Carleton University

GLO Fellow Christopher Worswick is associated  with the Department of Economics, Carleton University and CReAM

Casey Warman, Matthew D. Webb & Christopher Worswick: Immigrant Category of Admission and the Earnings of Adults and Children: How far does the Apple Fall? GLO Discussion Paper No. 196.  FREE DOWNLOAD: Download PDF

ABSTRACT

Immigrants  in  many  Western  countries  have  experienced  poor  economic  outcomes. This has led to a lack of integration of child immigrants (the 1.5 generation) and the second generation in some countries.  However, in Canada, child immigrants and the second generation have on average integrated very well economically.  The study examines the importance of Canada’s admission classes to determine if there is an earnings benefit of the selection under the Economic Classes to:  (i) the Adult Arrival immigrants and (ii) the Child Arrival immigrants (1.5 generation) once old enough to enter the labor market.  The study employs unique administrative data on landing records matched with subsequent  income  tax  records  that  also  allows  for  the  linking  of  the  records  of  Adult Arrival parents and their Child Arrival children.  It is found that relative to the Family Class, the Adult Arrivals in the Skilled Worker category have earnings that are 29% higher for men and 38% higher for women.  These differences persist even after controlling for  detailed  personal  characteristics  such  as  education  and  language  fluency  at  21% for men and 27% for women. Child Arrival immigrants landing in the Skilled Worker Class have earnings advantages (as adults) over their Family Class counterparts of 17% for men and 21% for women.  These Child Arrival Skilled Worker advantages remain at 9% for men and 14% for women after controlling for child characteristics, the Principal Applicant parent’s characteristics and the parent’s subsequent income in Canada. (Abstract marginally adapted from the DP.)

The paper is forthcoming in the Journal of Population Economics. The responsible Editor has been Klaus F. Zimmermann.

The study is in line with earlier research on entry category effects of migrant’s labor market performance. For an analysis see a recent review paper:

Zimmermann, Klaus F., Refugee and Migrant Labor Market Integration: Europe in Need of a New Policy Agenda. Mimeo. Presented at the EUI Conference on the Integration of Migrants and Refugees, 29-30 September 2016 in Florence. Published in: Bauböck, R. and Tripkovic, M.,  The Integration of Migrants and Refugees.  An EUI Forum on Migration, Citizenship and Demography, European University Institute, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, Florence 2017, pp. 88 – 100.

Titles and free access to all GLO Discussion Papers

GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion. Provided in cooperation with EconStor, a service of the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, GLO Discussion Papers are among others listed in RePEc (see IDEAS, EconPapers).

Complete list of all GLO DPs downloadable for free.

Journal of Population Economics

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Does Foreign Aid Stop Refugee Flows? New Evidence for the Policy Debate From a New GLO Paper

In the recent heated public debates in Europe about how to control refugee flows to Europe, it is often argued that foreign aid should be helpful to moderate such migration. In a new Discussion Paper of the Global Labor Organization (GLO), Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs and Sarah Langlotz provide strong empirical evidence using global data sources to suggest that while exogenous aid encourages recipient governments to support the return of citizens, we find no evidence that aid reduces worldwide refugee outflows in the short term; however, the authors find effects in the very long run.

GLO Fellow Axel Dreher  is associated  with the Alfred-Weber-Institute for Economics, Heidelberg University; KOF Swiss Economic Institute; CEPR; Georg-August University Goettingen; and CESifo.

GLO Fellow Andreas Fuchs is associated with the Research Center for Distributional Conflict and Globalization & Alfred-Weber-Institute for Economics, Heidelberg University.

GLO Fellow Sarah Langlotz is associated  with the Alfred-Weber-Institute for Economics, Heidelberg University.

Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs & Sarah Langlotz: The Effects of Foreign Aid on Refugee Flows, GLO Discussion Paper No. 195.  FREE DOWNLOAD: Download PDF

ABSTRACT

This article is the first to systematically study whether foreign aid affects the net flows of refugees from recipient countries. Combining refugee data on 141 origin countries over the 1976-2013 period with bilateral Official Development Assistance data, we estimate the causal effects of a country’s aid receipts on both total refugee flows to the world and flows to donor countries. The interaction of donor-government fractionalization and a recipient country’s probability of receiving aid provides a powerful and excludable instrumental variable,when we control for country – and time-fixed effects that capture the levels of the interacted variables. Although our results suggest that exogenous aid induces recipient governments to encourage the return of their citizens, we find no evidence that aid reduces worldwide refugee outflows or flows to donor countries in the short term. However, we observe long-run effects after four three-year periods, which appear to be driven by lagged positive effects of aid on growth. (Abstract marginally adapted from the DP.)

The study is in line with earlier research on South-North refugee migration. As Rotte, Vogler and Zimmermann (1997) have shown in their econometric analysis using refugee migration data to Germany, the issue had been discussed before. Short-term measures would not work, a long-term perspective would be needed.

Ralph Rotte, Michael Vogler & Klaus F. Zimmermann (1997), South-North Refugee Migration: Lessons for Development Cooperation, Review of Development Economics, 1 (1), pp. 99-115. Access.

Abstract: Migration has become a major concern of European development policies. By improving socio-economic and political conditions through development cooperation, a reduction of South-North migration flows is envisaged. This new approach is examined by analyzing the causes of asylum migration from developing countries to Germany. The econometric findings suggest that support of democracy, economic development and trade will not reduce migration, at least not in the medium-run. However, restrictive legal measures work. Migration control by international development cooperation therefore seems to need a long-term perspective.

Titles and free access to all GLO Discussion Papers

GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion. Provided in cooperation with EconStor, a service of the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, GLO Discussion Papers are among others listed in RePEc (see IDEAS, EconPapers).

Complete list of all GLO DPs downloadable for free.

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GLO Present at Important Health Policy and Healthcare Event at Yale University on May 11-13, 2018

Important health research and policy event at Yale University organized by the China Health Policy and Management Society and GLO Fellow Xi Chen of Yale University, and supported, among others, by the Global Labor Organization (GLO). GLO is contributing two sessions at the event (see below). (See also here for a first GLO announcement in 2017.)

 

 Advances in Health Policy and Healthcare: The Road Ahead

China Health Policy and Management Society 2nd Biennial Conference & a Celebration of the 10th Anniversary of China Health Policy and Management Society (2008-2018)

http://blog.betsygrauerrealty.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/yale-university.jpg

Yale University: May 11-13, 2018

Purpose: This is the 2nd biennial meeting of China Health Policy and Management Society (CHPAMS) and its official journal China Health Review. The meeting’s theme is Advances in Health Policy and Healthcare: The Road Ahead, with a special focus on Healthy China 2030 national blueprint.

A draft of the impressive complete program of the event can be found here.

The event will also see two GLO Special Sessions which have been organized by Professor and GLO Fellow Xi Chen in his capacity as the GLO Cluster Lead of the “Environment and Human Capital in Developing Countries” program. The two sessions are listed here:

C3: GLO Special Session I: Environment, Natural Disasters and Health
Something in the Pipe: Flint Water Crisis and Health at Birth
Rui Wang Tulane University
Major disease burden and all-cause mortality among the China largest multiple metal exposure cohort: Jinchang cohort
Zhiyuan Cheng Lanzhou University & Yale University
Long Term Health Consequences among Wenchuan Earthquake Affected Adult Survivors: Evidence from Literature and Empirical Data
Mingqi Fu Huazhong University of Science and Techonology
Smog in Aging Brains: The Impact of Exposure to Air Pollution on Cognitive Performance
Xi Chen Yale University
D2: GLO Special Session II: Air Pollution
Air Pollution and Lung Cancer Mortality: Evidence from a Natural Experiment
Qing Han The University of Kansas
What Happens in the Womb under the Dome: The Impact of Air Pollution on Birth Outcomes
Xiaoying Liu University of Pennsylvania
Maternal Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Childhood Overweight and Obesity: A Prospective Birth Cohort Study in Wuhan, China
Shaoping Yang Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Maternal Exposure to Air Pollution and Risk of Neural Tube Defects
Jinzhu Zhao Huazhong University of Science and Technology

Xi Chen, Yale University and GLO. He is the GLO Cluster Lead of “Environment and Human Capital in Developing Countries” and the incoming President of CHPAMS.

 

 

 

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May 10-11, 2018 Bucharest Conference on Economic and Social Research: Paper Submissions Possible Until May 2!

The Institute for Economic Forecasting and the Romanian Academy in Bucharest invite paper submissions and participants to the 4th International Conference on “Recent Advances in Economic and Social Research“, in Bucharest on May 10-11, 2018.

SECTIONS
Section I – Economic Modeling and Forecasting
Section II – Financial Markets
Section III – Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics
Section IV – Economic Development, Innovation, Growth
Section V – Young Talent

WORKSHOPS
SPOS 2017 – Impactul aderării României la Uniunea Europeană asupra economiei românești. Analiză sectorială (industrie, agricultură, servicii etc.)
Romania – Korea Productivity Workshop

IMPORTANT DATES
May 2nd 2017 – Deadline for abstract submission
May 6th 2017 – Notification of acceptance
May 8th 2017 – Deadline for paper submission

PUBLICATION
Romanian Journal of Economic Forecasting
Financial Studies
Hyperion Economic Journal
Institute for Economic Forecasting Conference Proceedings

LOCATION
Casa Academiei, Calea 13 Septembrie no. 13, Bucharest Romania

EXPENSES
The conference participation is free of charge.

PAPER SUBMISSION
Please submit your contributions to raesr@ipe.ro

HONORARY BOARD
Lucian Liviu Albu, Institute for Economic Forecasting and GLO
Tsangyao Chang, Feng Chia University
Lili Ding, Ocean University of China
Don Lien, The University of Texas at San Antonio
Xin Zhao, Ocean University of China
Klaus F. Zimmermann, UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University and GLO

PROGRAM CHAIR
Adrian Cantemir Călin, Institute for Economic Forecasting and GLO

SCIENTIFIC BOARD
Bogdan Albu, XTB România
Mariana Bălan, Institute for Economic Forecasting
Petre Caraiani, Institute for Economic Forecasting
Adrian Cantemir Călin, Institute for Economic Forecasting
Ion Ghizdeanu, Institute for Economic Forecasting
Alexandra Lavinia Horobeţ, Bucharest University of Economic Studies
Gheorghe Hurduzeu, Bucharest University of Economic Studies
Marioara Iordan, Institute for Economic Forecasting
Yin Kedong, Ocean University of China
Tienwei Lou, Chinese Culture University Department of Banking & Finance
Radu Lupu, Institute for Economic Forecasting
Radu Muşetescu, Bucharest University of Economic Studies
Dorel Mihai Paraschiv, Bucharest University of Economic Studies
Cătălin Păuna, World Bank
Elena Pelinescu, Institute for Economic Forecasting
Oana Cristina Popovici, Institute for Economic Forecasting
Meng Zhaosu, Ocean University of China

ORGANIZING COMMITTEE
Tiberiu Diaconescu, Institute for Economic Forecasting
Adnan Khurshid, Abbottabad University of Science and Technology
Oana Cristina Popovici, Institute for Economic Forecasting
Sorana Vătavu, West University of Timisoara

ORGANIZING INSTITUTIONS
Institute for Economic Forecasting, Romanian Academy & XTB România

GLO – GLOBAL LABOR ORGANIZATION
The Institute for Economic Forecasting supports the GLO. GLO President
Klaus F. Zimmermann is a member of the Honorary Board.

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European Development Research Network publish special issue on Migration & Development: Research & Policy

A high-profile workshop organized by the European Development Research Network focused on how migration and migration policies can affect economic development and studied the policies that strengthen the benefits of migration for both sending and receiving countries. The event took place at Bonn University on December 5, 2016 under the leadership of Stephan Klasen (University of Goettingen), the President of the European Development Research Network.

The keynote speaker of the event had been Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University and ZEF, Bonn University), who is also the President of the Global Labor Organization (GLO).

GLO Discussion Paper No. 70 Migration for Development: From Challenges to Opportunities – Download PDF

by Klaus F. Zimmermann

Background paper to the keynote presentations to the European Development Conference 2016 on “Migration and Development” at Bonn University, December 5, 2016, and to the 22. Eurasia Business and Economics Society (EBES) Conference, May 24-26, 2017 at Sapienza University of Rome.

The papers of this event have now been published in French and English in the Revue D’Économie Du Développement collecting also articles of GLO Fellows Hillel Rapoport (Paris School of Economics), Dean Yang (University of Michigan) and Tommaso Frattini (Milan University) and were discussed, among others, by GLO Fellows Toman Barsbai (Kiel Institute for the World Economy) and Melissa Siegel (Maastricht Graduate School of Governance and UNU-Merit). (See for more details below.)

 

 

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Romanian evidence on fertility preferences: How the 1966 abortion ban has affected next-generation demand for children

How do fertility preferences transfer between generations within families? In a new Discussion Paper of the Global Labor Organization (GLO), GLO Fellow Federico H. Gutierrez (Vanderbilt University) provides evidence using a historical event, the 1966 abortion ban in Romania. Current fertility preferences of individuals are negatively affected by parental experiences with the ban.

Federico H. Gutierrez: The Inter-generational Fertility Effect of an Abortion Ban: Understanding the Role of Inherited Wealth and Preferences, GLO Discussion Paper No. 167FREE DOWNLOAD.

ABSTRACT

This paper studies to what extent banning first-generation women from aborting affected the fertility of second-generation individuals who did not face such legal constraint. Using multiple censuses from Romania, the paper follows men and women born around the 1966 Romanian abortion ban to study the demand for children over their life cycle. The empirical approach combines elements of the regressions discontinuity design and the Heckman’s selection model. Results indicate that second-generation individuals whose mothers were affected by the ban had a significantly lower demand for children. One-third of such decline is explained by inherited socio-economic status and two-thirds presumably by preferences. (Abstract marginally adapted from the DP.)


Titles and free access to all GLO Discussion Paper


GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion. Provided in cooperation with EconStor, a service of the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, GLO Discussion Papers are among others listed in RePEc (see IDEAS, EconPapers).

Complete list of all GLO DPs downloadable for free.

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“Inter-generational cultural assimilation is hindered by immigration restrictions”

This is the conclusion of a new scientific study forthcoming in the Journal of Population Economics, the leading academic outlet in population economics. The Journal is supported by the Global Labor Organization (GLO).

Message: Inter-generational cultural assimilation is hindered by immigration restrictions.

Background

As migration research has shown, restricting free labor mobility leads to more migrants in the host country. People stay longer or forever and bring family. The 2014 article on Circular Migration by Klaus F. Zimmermann has reviewed this point providing evidence for Mexico and Germany. In the German context, the 1973 migration labor recruitment stop has lead to more migrants when the restrictions were binding.

In this tradition, a new scientific study forthcoming in the Journal of Population Economics investigates the impact of restrictions on cultural assimilation. If those migrants with a stronger affection to the culture of origin are more temporary, more of them stay even permanently, and restrictions may lead to a slower cultural assimilation into the host country, among them or even in the next generation. The new paper studies the impact on second-generation cultural assimilation in this context.

THE PAPER:

Immigration restrictions and second-generation cultural assimilation: theory and quasi-experimental evidence

by Fausto Galli & Giuseppe Russo

Fausto Galli is at the Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Statistiche, Universita’ di Salerno, Fisciano, Italy

GLO Fellow Giuseppe Russo is at the Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Statistiche, Universita’ di Salerno, Fisciano, Italy and at the Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), Napoli, Italy

Website Link. Accepted for publication, forthcoming in the Journal of Population Economics. Available online. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00148-018-0694-z

ABSTRACT

We study the effects of immigration restrictions on the cultural assimilation of second-generation migrants. In our theoretical model, when mobility is free, individuals with a stronger taste for their native culture migrate temporarily. When immigration is restricted, however, these individuals are incentivized to relocate permanently. Permanent emigrants procreate in the destination country and convey their cultural traits to the second generation, who will therefore find assimilation harder. We test this prediction by using the 1973 immigration ban in Germany (Anwerbestopp) as a quasi-experiment. Since the ban only concerned immigrants from countries outside the European Economic Community, they act as a treatment group. According to our estimates, the Anwerbestopp has reduced the cultural assimilation of the second generation. This result demonstrated robustness to several checks. We conclude that restrictive immigration policies may have the unintended consequence of delaying the intergenerational process of cultural assimilation.

The responsible editor has been Klaus F. Zimmermann.

Journal of Population Economics

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GLO President visited Jinan University in Guangzhou/China from March 11 to March 20: A summary and overview

On the invitation of Professor and Dean Shuaizhang Feng, Head of the Institute for Economic and Social Research (IESR), the President of the Global Labor Organization (GLO), Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht), visited Jinan University in Guangzhou/China from March 11 to March 20. The objective had been to intensify relationships and to develop long-term partnerships, in particular between IESR and GLO. IESR has been an early supporter of GLO. Both organizations have agreed on effective measures to deepen and extending the partnership.

The following provides a quick overview about the activities during the visit with links to more detailed information and pictures.

March 19: Two hours video debate between GLO Fellow Shuaizhang Feng and Klaus F. Zimmermann on long-term unemployment in China and Europe. Click for further details. Further: Meeting with Corrado Giulietti, GLO Research Director, University of Southampton, who visited IESR for the day. Klaus F. Zimmermann gave a one hour personality interview for the IESR Chinese website.

March 18: Two hours debate between Hua Liang, the Economics Editor of the top Chinese research journal “Social Science in China” and Klaus F. Zimmermann, the Editor-in-Chief of the “Journal of Population Economics”. They met for a thorough exchange of ideas, strategies and practices of the academic journal business. The meeting was guided by Shuaizhang Feng. Click for further details.

March 16-17: Numerous meetings and interactions with IESR researchers.

March 15: Klaus F. Zimmermann gave a Public Policy Lecture at the University of Jinan on European Migration Challenges and Perspectives. Click for further details.

March 14:  Klaus F. Zimmermann participated in a research seminar of  Zhong Zhao of Renmin University of China, who visited IESR that day to meet the GLO President. Click for further details. Niaz Asadullah (University of Malaysia), who is also the Southeast Asia Lead of the GLO research program, and Klaus F. Zimmermann met to discuss the GLO Southeast Asia program. Click for further details.

March 13: First IESR – GLO Labor Workshop took place at IESR, Jinan University. Prominent speakers included Niaz Asadullah, Shuaizhang Feng and Klaus F. Zimmermann. Click for further details.

March 12:   “Career seminar talk”. Klaus F. Zimmermann discussed career strategies with young IESR scholars. Click for further details.

March 11:  Shuaizhang Feng and Klaus F. Zimmermann met for an exchange of ideas.

 

THANKS FOR A GREAT VISIT!

 

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Eastern Orthodox believers are less happy and have less social capital, a new GLO study shows.

Relative to Catholics, Protestants and non-believers, those individuals of Eastern Orthodox religion seem to be less happy, have less social capital and prefer old ideas and safe jobs. In a new Discussion Paper of the Global Labor Organization (GLO), Simeon Djankov and Elena Nikolova provide strong empirical evidence using global data sources to suggest that this is support for the received Berdyaev hypothesis of communism as a successor of orthodoxy.

Simeon Djankov  is associated  with the London School of Economics and Political Science, UK and the Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics, USA.

GLO Fellow Elena Nikolova is associated with the Central European Labor Studies Institute, Slovakia, the Leibniz Institute for East and Southeast European Studies, Regensburg, Germany, and University College London.

Simeon Djankov & Elena Nikolova: Communism as the Unhappy Coming, GLO Discussion Paper No. 192FREE DOWNLOAD.

ABSTRACT

Eastern Orthodox believers are less happy compared to those of Catholic and Protestant faith using data covering more than 100 countries around the world. Consistent with the happiness results, the study also finds that relative to Catholics, Protestants and non-believers, those of Eastern Orthodox religion have less social capital and prefer old ideas and safe jobs. In addition, Orthodoxy is associated with left-leaning political preferences and stronger support for government involvement in the economy. Compared to non-believers and Orthodox adherents, Catholics and Protestants are less likely to agree that government ownership is a good, and Protestants are less likely to agree that getting rich can only happen at the expense of others. These differences in life satisfaction and other attitudes and values persisted despite the fact that communist elites sought to eradicate church-going in Eastern Europe, since communists maintained many aspects of Orthodox theology which were useful for the advancement of the communist doctrine. The findings are consistent with Berdyaev’s (1933, 1937) hypothesis of communism as a successor of Orthodoxy. (Abstract marginally adapted from the DP.)

Titles and free access to all GLO Discussion Papers

GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion. Provided in cooperation with EconStor, a service of the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, GLO Discussion Papers are among others listed in RePEc (see IDEAS, EconPapers).

Complete list of all GLO DPs downloadable for free.

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A Full Employment Strategy for Europe: New GLO Discussion Paper of Ritzen & Zimmermann

Why not be more ambitious? Ritzen and Zimmermann suggest coordinated labor policies for a European full employment strategy.

Jo Ritzen is Professor of International Economics of Science, Technology and Higher Education, Maastricht University, UNU‐MERIT, Graduate School of Governance. Klaus F. Zimmermann is Professor, UNU‐MERIT, Maastricht University and Bonn University; President, Global Labor Organization (GLO) and Research Fellow, CEPR.

Since years, Ritzen and Zimmermann have discussed the development of the European labor markets as a core factor behind Euroscepticism, which has been seen as posing an existential threat to the European Union. Therefore, European labor policies need to become more ambitious to fight unemployment. In their new discussion paper, Ritzen and Zimmermann outline the challenges and perspectives of a full employment policy across Europe: “We need a full employment strategy for Europe!”

Jo Ritzen & Klaus F. Zimmermann: Towards a European Full Employment Policy, GLO Discussion Paper No. 191 FREE DOWNLOAD.

ABSTRACT

Full employment in the European Union member states is a challenge but feasible, also in downswings of the business cycle and during stages of increased robotization. It requires labor legislation that ensures flexibility and retraining, responsive labor sharing during the business cycle and to individual life cycle needs, government interventions to supply supplemental employment and revamping dual education. The future of work is better ensured with coordinated European full employment labor policies establishing fair work conditions based on long-run business strategies as well as a fair distribution of national income between labor and capital.

http://www.klausfzimmermann.de/wp/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/20180328_115952-2.jpg

Jo Ritzen (right) and Klaus F. Zimmermann at UNU-MERIT, Maastricht.

In 2017, Jo Ritzen has published a related book on: A Second Chance for Europe. Economic, Political and Legal Perspectives of the European Union, Springer Verlag Heidelberg.

Titles and free access to all GLO Discussion Papers

GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion. Provided in cooperation with EconStor, a service of the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, GLO Discussion Papers are among others listed in RePEc (see IDEAS, EconPapers).

Complete list of all GLO DPs downloadable for free.

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GLO Discussion Paper of the month: How Adult Wellbeing is Affected by Family and Childhood & ALL MARCH GLO DP’s OPEN ACCESS

Titles and free access/links to GLO Discussion Papers

GLO Discussion Papers are research and policy papers of the GLO Network which are widely circulated to encourage discussion. Provided in cooperation with EconStor, a service of the ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, GLO Discussion Papers are among others listed in RePEc (see IDEAS, EconPapers). Complete list of all GLO DPs downloadable for free.

Discussion Paper of the Month: March

Flèche, Sarah & Lekfuangfu, Warn N. & Clark, Andrew E. , The Long-Lasting Effects of Family and Childhood on Adult Wellbeing: Evidence from British Cohort Data, GLO Discussion Paper, No. 184, March 2018. Free download.

Abstract: To what extent do childhood experiences continue to affect adult wellbeing over the life course? Previous work on this link has been carried out either at one particular adult age or for some average over adulthood. We here use two British birth-cohort datasets (the 1958 NCDS and the 1970 BCS) to map out the time profile of the effect of childhood experiences on adult outcomes, including life satisfaction. We find that the effects of many aspects of childhood do not fade away over time but are rather remarkably stable. In both birth-cohorts, child non-cognitive skills are the strongest predictors of adult life satisfaction at all ages. Of these, emotional health is the strongest. Childhood cognitive performance is more important than good conduct in explaining adult life satisfaction in the earlier NCDS cohort, whereas this ranking is inverted in the more recent BCS.

GLO Discussion Papers of March 2018

190 Residential Satisfaction for a Continuum of Households: Evidence from European Countries – Download PDF
by Borgoni, Riccardo & Michelangeli, Alessandra & Pirola, Federica

189 The economics of university dropouts and delayed graduation: a survey – Download PDF
by Aina, Carmen & Baici, Eliana & Casalone, Giorgia & Pastore, Francesco

188 The Optimal Graduated Minimum Wage and Social Welfare – Download PDF
by Danziger, Eliav & Danziger, Leif

187 Minority Groups and Success in Election Primaries – Download PDF
by Epstein, Gil S. & Heizler, Odelia

186 Two and a half million Syrian refugees, skill mix and capital intensity – Download PDF
by Akgündüz, Yusuf Emre & Torun, Huzeyfe

185 Voting in Hiring Committees: Which “Almost” Rule Is Optimal? – Download PDF
by Baharad, Eyal & Danziger, Leif

184 The Long-Lasting Effects of Family and Childhood on Adult Wellbeing: Evidence from British Cohort Data – Download PDF
by Flèche, Sarah & Lekfuangfu, Warn N.s & Clark, Andrew E.

 

Successful GLO team:

GLO Managing Director Matloob Piracha (University of Kent, right) and GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University and Bonn University, left).

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Niaz Asadullah and Klaus F. Zimmermann met at Jinan University, China, in Guangzhou, to discuss the GLO Southeast Asia program

A larger number of Chinese researchers, GLO Fellows and scientists from outside China recently met at Jinan University, China, in Guangzhou on March 13, 2018 for the first IESR – GLO Labor Workshop.  GLO stands for Global Labor Organization, which is one of the largest networks in economics in the world, and IESR stands for the Institute for Economic and Social Research, a rising star among top Chinese research institutions in economics.

GLO Fellows present included Professor and Dean Shuaizhang Feng, Head of IESR,  GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht) and M Niaz  Asadullah (University of Malaysia and GLO), who is also the Southeast Asia Lead of the GLO research program.

At the workshop, Niaz Asadullah spoke about “Marriage, Work, and Migration: The Role of Infrastructure Development and Gender Norms”.

Zimmermann and Asadullah took the chance to discuss on March 13-14 the GLO Southeast Asia program (see below).

Asadullah during his workshop presentation at work.

   

   

South-East Asia Cluster

Cluster Lead: Niaz Asadullah

This GLO Cluster  concentrates on pressing issues: the impact of foreign labor on native employment; work conditions and rights of migrant workers; school-to-work transition and graduate/youth unemployment; trends in income and education inequality; market returns to education and skills; women’s participation in the economy; and labor market implications of population ageing.

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GLO Sessions at the forthcoming 25th EBES conference at FOM University in Berlin on May 23, 2018

The 25th Conference of the Eurasia Business and Economics Society (EBES) will take place on May 23-25, 2018 in Berlin/Germany. It is jointly organized with the Global Labor Organization (GLO) and hosted by the FOM University in their Berlin study center. A previous announcement.  See also for: Further information.

On May 23, 2018 three GLO sessions will contribute to the success of the 25th EBES conference in Berlin:

GLO Policy Panel on: “Mobilizing Human Resources in Africa”

GLO Research Paper Session  on: “Wellbeing”

GLO “Thematic Research Cluster” Session

!! At the 25th EBES/GLO Conference – Berlin, Germany, May 23, 2018!!

Policy Panel on: “Mobilizing Human Resources in Africa”

Ernest Ngeh Tingum (University of Cape Town, South Africa): A research agenda for trade developments in Africa

Martin Kahanec (Central European University, Budapest, Hungary) with Martin Guzi (Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic): A research agenda concerning subjective and objective evaluations of living wages in Africa

Kea Tijdens (University of Amsterdam, Netherlands, and WageIndicator Foundation): A research agenda focussing on informal labour markets in Africa

Tilman Brück (International Security and Development Center, Berlin, Germany and London School of Economics, UK): Employment Creation and Peace Building

Almas Heshmati (Jönköping International Business School, Sweden, and Sogang University, South Korea; GLO Cluster Lead Africa): GLO Thematic Cluster on Labor Markets in Africa

SESSION CHAIR: Kea Tijdens (University of Amsterdam, Netherlands, and WageIndicator Foundation) and Christoph Kannengießer (CEO, German African Business Association)

 !! At the 25th EBES/GLO Conference – Berlin, Germany, May 23, 2018!!

GLO Research Paper Session  on: “Wellbeing”

Almas Heshmati (Jönköping International Business School, Sweden, and Sogang University, South Korea) with Masoomeh Rashidghalam and Pia Nilsson: Measurement and Analysis of Multidimensional Well-being in Rwanda

Olena Nizalova (University of Kent, UK) with Olga Nikolaieva, Jonas Voßemer, Michael Gebel and Katerina Gousia: Youths’ experiences of labor market shocks and late life well-being and health

Milena Nikolova (University of Groningen) with Boris Nikolaev: Family Matters: Involuntary Parental Unemployment During Childhood and Subjective Well-being Later in Life

Corrado Giulietti (University of Southampton): Migration and Wellbeing in the UK

Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT) with John Haisken-DeNew: The New Australian Work Life After the Refugee Camp

Francesco Pastore (University of Napoli): Working But Watching Every Penny? Working Poverty and School Dropout in Mongolia

SESSION CHAIR: Milena Nikolova (University of Groningen) and Matloob Piracha (University of Kent)

!! At the 25th EBES/GLO Conference – Berlin, Germany, May 23, 2018 !!

GLO Thematic Research Cluster Session

Marco Leonardi (Economic Advisor to the Prime Minister of Italy and University of Milan): Labor Reform Policies and Italy After the Elections

Martin Kahanec (Central European University): Labor Mobility in the EU

Nick Drydakis (Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK): Gender, Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation and Labor Market Outcomes

Corrado Giulietti (University of Southampton): The Chinese Labor Market

Francesco Pastore (University of Napoli): School-to-Work Transition

Marco Vivarelli (Catholic University of Milan): Technological Change and the Labor Market: Employment, Skills, and Wages

Almas Heshmati (Jönköping International Business School, Sweden, and Sogang University, South Korea): Green Employment Creation

Tilman Brück (International Security and Development Center, Berlin, Germany and London School of Economics, UK):  Labor in Conflict, Fragile and Emergency Areas

SESSION CHAIR: Corrado Giulietti (University of Southampton) and Matloob Piracha (University of Kent)

FOR DETAILED ABSTRACTS OF ALL PAPERS CLICK HERE.

GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann

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Can rising inequality be a cause of fading hope? Evidence for the United States.

A large literature has discussed whether the increase in inequality over the last decade in Western industrial countries such as the United States (US) would lead to increasing tensions between socio-economic groups, social uprising and political change which might in turn hamper economic growth. The French economist Thomas Piketty had popularized the inequality issue. Now we know that inequality perceptions of population groups are behind major changes in the world, e.g. Brexit, Trump, the rise of popular movements in Europe and else.

A newly published paper by GLO Fellow Jo Ritzen and GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann studies this issue with long-term data for the United States. They document fading hopes of the wider population about the long-term future as a decisive indicator of change:

Jo Ritzen and Klaus F. Zimmermann: Fading Hope and the Rise in Inequality in the United StatesEurasian Business Review, (2018) 8:1–12. LEAD ARTICLE. DOI: 10.1007/s40821-016-0071-3. UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2016-025  Prepublication. A very preliminary version of this paper was a DP already in 2012.

Both authors are Professors of Economics and are affiliated with UNU-MERIT and Maastricht University. Jo Ritzen was previously Dutch Minister for Education and Science and President of Maastricht University. Klaus F. Zimmermann was President of the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin), Founding Director of the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) and was recently affiliated with Harvard University and Princeton University.

The paper uses survey data for the US collected by the Pew Research Center for the People covering 1999–2014 documenting a long-run decline in hope. Over the first decade, the decline in hope cannot be traced back to the rising inequality. However, recent data from 2014 suggest that inequality is now a major driver of a lower than ever level of hope. Therefore, inequality is a recent factor, but was not the long-run driver of the decline in hope.

Jo Ritzen

Klaus F. Zimmermann

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Joint IESR – GLO Labor Workshop at Jinan University, China, on March 13, 2018

On the invitation of Professor and Dean Shuaizhang Feng, Head of the Institute for Economic and Social Research (IESR), a joint IESR – GLO Labor Workshop takes place at Jinan University, China, on March 13, 2018.  GLO stands for Global Labor Organization, and its President, Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht), will provide the opening paper presentation. As a GLO Fellow, Professor Feng is also a prominent member of this network. Several other GLO Fellows are present at the event, including M Niaz Asadullah (University of Malaysia), who is also the Southeast Asia Lead of the GLO research program.

The IESR-GLO Joint Labor Workshop Program

Venue: Room 106, Zhonghui Building, Jinan University, Guangzhou China

9:00am: Welcome

Shyamal Chowdhury, Annabelle Krause and Klaus F. Zimmermann (GLO and UNU-MERIT): Arsenic Contamination of Drinking Water and Wellbeing

Yang, Zhe (Jinan University): Cohabitation or Marriage? Relationship Bargaining with an Endogenously Determined Balance of Power

Cai, Shu (Jinan University), Albert Park and Winnie Yip: Migration and Subjective Well-Being of Left-behind Parents in Rural China: Evidence from Time Use Data

12:00-1:30pm Lunch

1:30pm:

Amrit Amirapu, M Niaz Asadullah (University of Malaysia) and Zaki Wahhaj: Marriage, Work, and Migration: The Role of Infrastructure Development and Gender Norms

Shuaizhang Feng (Jinan University) and Gaojie Tang: Accounting for China’s Income Inequality: 1992-2009

Chen Yi (Jinan University) and Yingfei Huang: The Power of the Government: China’s Family Planning Leading Group and the Fertility Decline since 1970

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INBAM Publishing Workshop for Emerging Scholars – 23-25 May 2018 at Kingston University: Invitation to participate

INBAM, the International Network of Business & Management Journal Editors, is an organization affiliated with the Global Labor Organization (GLO). The INBAM Website can be accessed here: https://www.inbam-editors.org/

Those interested are invited to join the forthcoming

Publishing Workshop for Emerging Scholars – 23-25 May 2018 at Kingston University

This hands-on practical workshop is managed by ISI journal editors who will help participants to publish their papers in top business and management journals. There are only limited slots available!

https://www.inbam-editors.org/s/misc/logo.jpg?t=1518473551

For more information see the Flyer INBAM Workshop.

The initiative is coordinated by GLO Fellow Adrian Ziderman, who has also suggested to post it on the GLO Website.

Professor Adrian Ziderman

Professor Emeritus, Formerly Sir Isaac Wolfson Chair in Economics and Business Administration at Bar-Ilan University, Israel, Department of Economics, Editor-in-Chief of The International Journal of Manpower (published by Emerald), Research Chair, COPE, the Committee on Publication Ethics, President and Trustee of INBAM

https://www.inbam-editors.org/s/cc_images/teaserbox_53256013.JPG?t=1517741162

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GLO President Zimmermann on Tour Through Europe: Nicosia, Glasgow, Vienna and St Petersburg

In recent weeks, the President of the Global Labor Organization (GLO), Klaus F. Zimmermann (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University & Bonn University) has been on a contact tour through Europe for talks, research seminar presentations and policy debates.

  • February 14 – 17, 2018: Nicosia and the University of Cyprus to study the border situation and intensify university connections.   See for more details.
  • February 21-22, 2018: Glasgow/Scotland and the University of Strathclyde. Contacts and Research Seminar presentation of Zimmermann on Arsenic water consumption and wellbeing in Bangladesh on the invitation of GLO Fellow Robert Wright and Markus Gehrsitz.
  • February 26, 2018: Austrian Federal Economic Chamber, Vienna/Austria: Conference on the “The European Labor Market – between Unemployment and Shortages of Skilled Labor”. Zimmermann gave a speech on “Challenges and Chances of the free European Mobility of Workers” and participated on a Plenary Panel about the labor markets of Austria, Poland and Romania. Many interactions, among others with Christoph Leidl, the President of the Austrian Federal Economic Chamber, and GLO Fellow Rainer Münz (European Political Strategy Centre, European Commission, Brussels). See for more details.
  • February 27, 2018: Policy Panel in Vienna/Austria of DIE WEIS[S]E WIRTSCHAFT in the Press Center Concordia on Migration and Integration Policy of the new Austrian Government. Panel organized by GLO Fellow Peter Brandner. Zimmermann discussed among others with GLO Fellows Robert Holzmann and Manfred Deistler. See for more details.
  • March 1 -2, 2018: St Petersburg/Russia. Zimmermann spoke on the Second International Labour Forum of the Government of St. Petersburg on “The design of effective labor market policies“. See for more details.

Below: Zimmermann in St Petersburg, Russia.

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